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Sustainability 2014, 6(8), 5231-5251; doi:10.3390/su6085231

The Dynamic Coordinated Development of a Regional Environment-Tourism-Economy System: A Case Study from Western Hunan Province, China

1
Business School, Huaihua University, No. 612, Yingfeng Road, Huaihua 418008, China
2
Business School, Sichuan University, No. 24 South Section 1, Yihuan Road, Chengdu 610065, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 April 2014 / Revised: 7 July 2014 / Accepted: 5 August 2014 / Published: 13 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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Abstract

Based on regional coordination theory and system theory, the authors constructed an evaluation index system for the coordinated development of a regional environment-tourism-economy system with a pressure-state-response (PSR) model. With a coordinated development model, it further empirically analyzed the coordinated development state of an environment-tourism-economy system in western Hunan from 2001 to 2012. The results showed that, although this environment-tourism-economy system failed to achieve a high benefit index, inter-subsystem coupling extent, and coordinated development index, the three indices presented an increasing overall trend. This outcome suggested that the sub-systems in this system were developing towards their optimal proportions: the development of these sub-systems (environmental, tourism, and economic) was unbalanced in western Hunan. The environment therein sees only slow development although provided with a favorable ecological foundation. Economic development, which has long been lagging, acted as the main factor restricting the coordinated development of a regional environment-tourism-economy system. To promote its coordinated development in western Hunan, the following recommendations were proposed: strengthen the prediction and warnings on the evolution of the whole system; optimize the industry’s structure; reinforce environmental management. View Full-Text
Keywords: environment-tourism-economy system; benefit index; coordinated development environment-tourism-economy system; benefit index; coordinated development
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yuan, Y.; Jin, M.; Ren, J.; Hu, M.; Ren, P. The Dynamic Coordinated Development of a Regional Environment-Tourism-Economy System: A Case Study from Western Hunan Province, China. Sustainability 2014, 6, 5231-5251.

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