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Sustainability 2014, 6(6), 3843-3860; doi:10.3390/su6063843

Organization of Laundry Facility Types and Energy Use in Owner-Occupied Multi-Family Buildings in Sweden

Department of Real Estate and Construction Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm SE-100 44, Sweden
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Received: 25 April 2014 / Revised: 3 June 2014 / Accepted: 9 June 2014 / Published: 16 June 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
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Abstract

The way in which we plan and produce buildings today will influence our energy consumption in the future. This paper explores how the types of laundry facilities provided in owner-occupied multi-family buildings in Sweden have changed since the 1990s and seeks to draw attention to how this may impact energy consumption for laundry. Three factors are analyzed that influence energy consumption: the number of laundry appliances, energy performance in laundry appliances and user demand for laundry. The results indicate that there has been a change in building practices, from the domination of communal laundry rooms towards in-unit laundry facilities. The findings imply that the changes in provision of laundry facilities increase the number of appliances but do not necessarily increase energy consumption during the usage phase depending on energy performance and user behavior. Thus, developers should consider laundry facility organization when designing multi-family buildings in order to optimize the use of space and resources, given user demand and building regulations. This paper is exploratory in nature and indicates a shift in building practices that up until now has been undocumented in a research context which in turn opens up for many new research questions related to resource use but also related to the economics of developers, housing firms and households. View Full-Text
Keywords: construction choice; new construction; energy consumption; energy efficiency; household laundry; multi-family buildings; building practice construction choice; new construction; energy consumption; energy efficiency; household laundry; multi-family buildings; building practice
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Borg, L.; Högberg, L. Organization of Laundry Facility Types and Energy Use in Owner-Occupied Multi-Family Buildings in Sweden. Sustainability 2014, 6, 3843-3860.

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