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Sustainability 2014, 6(3), 1489-1503; doi:10.3390/su6031489
Article

Review of Potential Characterization Techniques in Approaching Energy and Sustainability

Received: 8 January 2014; in revised form: 27 February 2014 / Accepted: 7 March 2014 / Published: 20 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Energy-Sustainability Nexus)
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Abstract: Societal prosperity is linked to sustainable energy and a healthy environment. However, tough global challenges include increased demand for fossil fuels, while approaching peak oil production and uncertainty in the environmental impacts of energy generation. Recently, energy use was identified as a major component of economic productivity, along with capital and labor. Other environmental resources and impacts may be nearing environmental thresholds, as indicated by nine planetary environmental boundaries, many of which are linked to energy production and use. Foresight techniques could be applied to guide future actions which include emphasis on (1) energy efficiency to bridge the transition to a renewable energy economy; (2) continued research, development, and assessment of new technologies; (3) improved understanding of environment impacts including natural capital use and degradation; (4) exploration of GDP alternative measures that include both economic production and environmental impacts; and (5) international cooperation and awareness of longer-term opportunities and their associated potential scenarios. Examples from the U.S. and the international community illustrate challenges and potential.
Keywords: energy efficiency; integrated economic indices; research and development; environmental impacts; foresight techniques energy efficiency; integrated economic indices; research and development; environmental impacts; foresight techniques
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

LePoire, D.J. Review of Potential Characterization Techniques in Approaching Energy and Sustainability. Sustainability 2014, 6, 1489-1503.

AMA Style

LePoire DJ. Review of Potential Characterization Techniques in Approaching Energy and Sustainability. Sustainability. 2014; 6(3):1489-1503.

Chicago/Turabian Style

LePoire, David J. 2014. "Review of Potential Characterization Techniques in Approaching Energy and Sustainability." Sustainability 6, no. 3: 1489-1503.


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