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Sustainability 2014, 6(3), 1107-1128; doi:10.3390/su6031107
Article

Multi-Criteria Indicator for Sustainability Rating in Suppliers of the Oil and Gas Industries in Brazil

1
, 1
, 1,* , 1
, 2
 and 1
1 Master in Management Systems MSG/LATEC, Federal Fluminense University, Rua Passo da Pátria 156, sala 329-A—Bloco E CEP 24210-240, Niterói—RJ, Brazil 2 Institute for Systems Engineering and Computers at Coimbra INESC, Rua Antero de Quental, 199, Coimbra 3000-033, Portugal
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 April 2013 / Revised: 24 January 2014 / Accepted: 27 January 2014 / Published: 27 February 2014
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Abstract

The necessity of sustainability evaluation is rapidly growing alongside the expansion of civilization. Likewise, the supply chain suitability improvement is a need that has arisen in the petroleum industry, especially as it is responsible for the most part of CO2 emissions in the atmosphere. The modeling of this kind of problem deals with multiple criteria evaluations. This paper proposes an original multiple-criteria based approach to classifying the degree of organizational sustainability. This proposal was applied to evaluate a representative set of companies, which are suppliers of the Brazilian petroleum industry. The data collection was supported by a questionnaire. The results highlight that the studied companies have not yet reached an advanced level of maturity in the sustainability context. In a comprehensive vision of sustainability based on Triple Bottom Line (TBL), these companies are either in the initial stage or in the implementation phase of the sustainability practices.
Keywords: decision; multiple criteria; MCDA; MCDM; sustainability; supply chain; petroleum; TBL; ELECTRE decision; multiple criteria; MCDA; MCDM; sustainability; supply chain; petroleum; TBL; ELECTRE
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Barata, J.F.F.; Quelhas, O.L.G.; Costa, H.G.; Gutierrez, R.H.; de Jesus Lameira, V.; Meiriño, M.J. Multi-Criteria Indicator for Sustainability Rating in Suppliers of the Oil and Gas Industries in Brazil. Sustainability 2014, 6, 1107-1128.

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