Next Article in Journal
Assessment of Rice Inbred Lines and Hybrids under Low Fertilizer Levels in Senegal
Next Article in Special Issue
A Tale of Two (or More) Sustainabilities: A Q Methodology Study of University Professors’ Perspectives on Sustainable Universities
Previous Article in Journal
Multi-Criteria Indicator for Sustainability Rating in Suppliers of the Oil and Gas Industries in Brazil
Previous Article in Special Issue
Institutionalizing Strong Sustainability: A Rawlsian Perspective
Sustainability 2014, 6(3), 1129-1152; doi:10.3390/su6031129

A Comparison of Energy Transition Governance in Germany, The Netherlands and the United Kingdom

* ,
Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO), Boeretang 200, Mol 2400, Belgium These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 January 2014 / Revised: 12 February 2014 / Accepted: 20 February 2014 / Published: 27 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability and Institutional Change)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [922 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]   |  


This paper reviews and analyzes the challenges of energy transition governance towards a low-carbon society as a political achievement. The main research question is how specific “transition governance approaches” (as advocated by transition theory) can be embedded/anchored in the policy-making logics and practices. We analyze three country cases, known for their path-breaking efforts in the area: Germany (due to its pioneering role in the development and diffusion of renewable energy technologies), the Netherlands (due to its pioneering role in launching the transition management framework), and the United Kingdom (due to its pioneering role in adopting a long-term legislative commitment to a low-carbon future). The paper identifies best governance practices and remaining challenges in the following areas: (i) connecting long-term visions with short- and mid-term action; (ii) innovation (technological as well as social); (iii) integration (of multiple objectives and policy areas and levels); (iv) societal engagement; and (v) learning/reflexivity.
Keywords: energy transition; transition governance; climate policy energy transition; transition governance; climate policy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Laes, E.; Gorissen, L.; Nevens, F. A Comparison of Energy Transition Governance in Germany, The Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Sustainability 2014, 6, 1129-1152.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert