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Sustainability 2014, 6(2), 794-811; doi:10.3390/su6020794
Article

Climate Change Politics through a Global Pledge-and-Review Regime: Positions among Negotiators and Stakeholders

1,2
,
1,†
 and
1,3,†,*
1 IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, P.O. Box 210 60, SE-100 31 Stockholm, Sweden 2 Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, Linköping University, SE-601 74 Norrköping, Sweden 3 School of Business, Society and Engineering, Mälardalen University, P.O. Box 883, SE-721 23 Västerås, Sweden These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 December 2013 / Revised: 30 January 2014 / Accepted: 6 February 2014 / Published: 19 February 2014
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Abstract

Pledge-and-review is an essential pillar for climate change mitigation up until 2020 under the auspices of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. In this paper, we build on a survey handed out to participants at the Seventeenth Conference of Parties in 2011 to examine to what extent climate negotiators and stakeholders agree with existing critiques towards pledge-and-review. Among the critique examined, we find that the one most agreed with is that the pledges fall short of meeting the 2 degree target, while the one least agreed with is that pledges are voluntary. We also find that respondents from Annex 1 parties are more critical than respondents from Non-Annex 1 parties. Negotiators display strikingly similar responses regardless of where they are from, while there is a remarkable difference between Annex 1 and Non-Annex 1 environmental non-governmental organizations. We build on these results to discuss the legitimacy of pledge-and-review.
Keywords: climate change; critique; legitimacy; negotiations; pledge-and-review; politics climate change; critique; legitimacy; negotiations; pledge-and-review; politics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Buhr, K.; Roth, S.; Stigson, P. Climate Change Politics through a Global Pledge-and-Review Regime: Positions among Negotiators and Stakeholders. Sustainability 2014, 6, 794-811.

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