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Sustainability 2014, 6(2), 794-811; doi:10.3390/su6020794
Article

Climate Change Politics through a Global Pledge-and-Review Regime: Positions among Negotiators and Stakeholders

1,2
, 1,†
 and 1,3,†,*
Received: 20 December 2013; in revised form: 30 January 2014 / Accepted: 6 February 2014 / Published: 19 February 2014
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Abstract: Pledge-and-review is an essential pillar for climate change mitigation up until 2020 under the auspices of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. In this paper, we build on a survey handed out to participants at the Seventeenth Conference of Parties in 2011 to examine to what extent climate negotiators and stakeholders agree with existing critiques towards pledge-and-review. Among the critique examined, we find that the one most agreed with is that the pledges fall short of meeting the 2 degree target, while the one least agreed with is that pledges are voluntary. We also find that respondents from Annex 1 parties are more critical than respondents from Non-Annex 1 parties. Negotiators display strikingly similar responses regardless of where they are from, while there is a remarkable difference between Annex 1 and Non-Annex 1 environmental non-governmental organizations. We build on these results to discuss the legitimacy of pledge-and-review.
Keywords: climate change; critique; legitimacy; negotiations; pledge-and-review; politics climate change; critique; legitimacy; negotiations; pledge-and-review; politics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Buhr, K.; Roth, S.; Stigson, P. Climate Change Politics through a Global Pledge-and-Review Regime: Positions among Negotiators and Stakeholders. Sustainability 2014, 6, 794-811.

AMA Style

Buhr K, Roth S, Stigson P. Climate Change Politics through a Global Pledge-and-Review Regime: Positions among Negotiators and Stakeholders. Sustainability. 2014; 6(2):794-811.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Buhr, Katarina; Roth, Susanna; Stigson, Peter. 2014. "Climate Change Politics through a Global Pledge-and-Review Regime: Positions among Negotiators and Stakeholders." Sustainability 6, no. 2: 794-811.


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