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Sustainability 2014, 6(2), 794-811; doi:10.3390/su6020794

Climate Change Politics through a Global Pledge-and-Review Regime: Positions among Negotiators and Stakeholders

1 IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, P.O. Box 210 60, SE-100 31 Stockholm, Sweden 2 Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, Linköping University, SE-601 74 Norrköping, Sweden 3 School of Business, Society and Engineering, Mälardalen University, P.O. Box 883, SE-721 23 Västerås, Sweden These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 December 2013 / Revised: 30 January 2014 / Accepted: 6 February 2014 / Published: 19 February 2014
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Pledge-and-review is an essential pillar for climate change mitigation up until 2020 under the auspices of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. In this paper, we build on a survey handed out to participants at the Seventeenth Conference of Parties in 2011 to examine to what extent climate negotiators and stakeholders agree with existing critiques towards pledge-and-review. Among the critique examined, we find that the one most agreed with is that the pledges fall short of meeting the 2 degree target, while the one least agreed with is that pledges are voluntary. We also find that respondents from Annex 1 parties are more critical than respondents from Non-Annex 1 parties. Negotiators display strikingly similar responses regardless of where they are from, while there is a remarkable difference between Annex 1 and Non-Annex 1 environmental non-governmental organizations. We build on these results to discuss the legitimacy of pledge-and-review.
Keywords: climate change; critique; legitimacy; negotiations; pledge-and-review; politics climate change; critique; legitimacy; negotiations; pledge-and-review; politics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Buhr, K.; Roth, S.; Stigson, P. Climate Change Politics through a Global Pledge-and-Review Regime: Positions among Negotiators and Stakeholders. Sustainability 2014, 6, 794-811.

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