Next Article in Journal
Educating the Future of Sustainability
Previous Article in Journal
Effects of Two Environmental Best Management Practices on Pond Water and Effluent Quality and Growth of Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus
Sustainability 2014, 6(2), 676-691; doi:10.3390/su6020676
Article

Urban Traffic Congestion Pricing Model with the Consideration of Carbon Emissions Cost

,
, *  and
Received: 6 November 2013; in revised form: 3 January 2014 / Accepted: 24 January 2014 / Published: 5 February 2014
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [878 KB, uploaded 5 February 2014]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: As one of the most effective traffic demand management opinions, congestion pricing can reduce private car travel demand and the associated carbon dioxide emissions. First, we summarized the status quo of transport carbon dioxide emission charges and congestion pricing, and then, we analyzed the characteristics of urban transport carbon dioxide emissions. Then, we proposed a (pricing) framework in which carbon emission costs would be considered as part of the generalized cost of travel. Based on this framework, this paper developed a bi-level mathematical model to optimize consumer surplus, using congestion and carbon emission charges as the control variables. A dissect search algorithm was used to solve the bi-level program model, and a numerical example was given to illustrate the methodology. This paper incorporates the emission pricing into the congestion pricing model, while considering two modes, and puts forward suitable proposals for the implementation of an urban traffic congestion pricing policy in China.
Keywords: congestion pricing; carbon dioxide emission charge; bi-level program; urban transportation; policy; China congestion pricing; carbon dioxide emission charge; bi-level program; urban transportation; policy; China
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, J.; Chi, L.; Hu, X.; Zhou, H. Urban Traffic Congestion Pricing Model with the Consideration of Carbon Emissions Cost. Sustainability 2014, 6, 676-691.

AMA Style

Wang J, Chi L, Hu X, Zhou H. Urban Traffic Congestion Pricing Model with the Consideration of Carbon Emissions Cost. Sustainability. 2014; 6(2):676-691.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Jian; Chi, Libing; Hu, Xiaowei; Zhou, Hongfei. 2014. "Urban Traffic Congestion Pricing Model with the Consideration of Carbon Emissions Cost." Sustainability 6, no. 2: 676-691.


Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert