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Sustainability 2014, 6(2), 1076-1092; doi:10.3390/su6021076
Article

The Built Environment and Walking Activity of the Elderly: An Empirical Analysis in the Zhongshan Metropolitan Area, China

1
, 2
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 and 1,*
Received: 24 January 2014; in revised form: 16 February 2014 / Accepted: 17 February 2014 / Published: 21 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
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Abstract: Policies and interventions involving the built environment have become a promising opportunity for the promotion of walking as a sustainable transportation mode. Among voluminous literature, few studies were found that examined the association between the built environment and walking among the elderly in China. This study investigated the relationship between the built environment and the walking activity of the elderly based on data collected in Zhongshan Metropolitan Area, China. The results suggest that abundant sidewalks, dense bus stops, easily accessible commercial establishments, and ample green land space are potentially effective to enhance walking among the elderly, albeit to varied degrees. The compact urban form, which is considered as walkability in the western context, may not necessarily play a positive role in Zhongshan’s context. The findings provide insights into the policy-making to promote sustainable transportation modes and the design of interventions on health promotion of the elderly in China.
Keywords: built environment; walking activity; the elderly; probability; frequency and duration; Zero-inflated Poisson Regression; sustainable transportation built environment; walking activity; the elderly; probability; frequency and duration; Zero-inflated Poisson Regression; sustainable transportation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Y.; Li, Y.; Liu, Q.; Li, C. The Built Environment and Walking Activity of the Elderly: An Empirical Analysis in the Zhongshan Metropolitan Area, China. Sustainability 2014, 6, 1076-1092.

AMA Style

Zhang Y, Li Y, Liu Q, Li C. The Built Environment and Walking Activity of the Elderly: An Empirical Analysis in the Zhongshan Metropolitan Area, China. Sustainability. 2014; 6(2):1076-1092.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Yi; Li, Yuan; Liu, Qixing; Li, Chaoyang. 2014. "The Built Environment and Walking Activity of the Elderly: An Empirical Analysis in the Zhongshan Metropolitan Area, China." Sustainability 6, no. 2: 1076-1092.


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