Environmental Legislation in China: Achievements, Challenges and Trends
AbstractCompared to the environmental legislation of many developed countries, China’s environmental legislation was initiated late, beginning in 1979, but nevertheless has obtained considerable achievements. As many as thirty environmental laws have provided rules regarding prevention and control of pollution, resource utilization, and ecological protection in China. However, China’s environmental legislation still faces a series of challenges and problems, including that the sustainable development concept has not yet been fully implemented, as well as presence of gaps and non-coordination phenomena between laws and regulations, unclear responsibility, imperfect system design, imbalance between rights and obligations, higher impacts resulted from the GDP-centralized economy, lack of operability and instruments in the legal content, as well as difficulty of public participation. In contrast, China’s environmental legislation has improved, as a result of learning from experience in developed countries and introducing innovations stimulated by domestic environmental pressure. Looking into the future, increased attention to environmental protection and ecological consciousness paid by China’s new leaders will bring a valuable opportunity to China’s further development concerning environmental legislation. In the future, there are prospects for the gradual improvement of legal approaches, continuous improvements of legislation to mitigate environmental problems, and more opportunities to strengthen public participation can be predicted. View Full-Text
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Mu, Z.; Bu, S.; Xue, B. Environmental Legislation in China: Achievements, Challenges and Trends. Sustainability 2014, 6, 8967-8979.
Mu Z, Bu S, Xue B. Environmental Legislation in China: Achievements, Challenges and Trends. Sustainability. 2014; 6(12):8967-8979.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mu, Zhilin; Bu, Shuchun; Xue, Bing. 2014. "Environmental Legislation in China: Achievements, Challenges and Trends." Sustainability 6, no. 12: 8967-8979.