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Sustainability 2014, 6(12), 8889-8908; doi:10.3390/su6128889

Improving China’s Environmental Performance through Adaptive Implementation—A Comparative Case Study of Cleaner Production in Hangzhou and Guiyang

1
School of Public Affairs, Zhejiang University, Yuhangtang Road 688, Hangzhou 310058, China
2
Rhein-Ruhr-Institut für Sozialforschung und Politikberatung e.V., Universität Duisburg-Essen, Heinrich-Lersch-Str. 15, 47057 Duisburg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 August 2014 / Revised: 5 November 2014 / Accepted: 24 November 2014 / Published: 3 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in China: Bridging Global Knowledge with Local Action)
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Abstract

This paper examines local policy implementation of Cleaner Production (CP) in China. As the major policy implementer, China’s local government plays a crucial role in promoting CP. A better understanding of the factors affecting local government’s incentives regarding CP and different strategies available to the local government can help policy makers and implementers improve CP practices and other environmental policy outcomes. This paper uses the cases of Hangzhou and Guiyang to demonstrate that local conditions of policy implementation have a direct impact on the success of CP promotion. Based on 35 in-depth interviews, statistical data and internal government reports, we find that the location-based incentives of local government strongly influence their implementation strategies; and that the choices of different strategies can bring out various policy results. From this study, the identified location-based incentives are affected by energy resource endowment, economic development stage and technological competence. The successful implementation strategies involve using different policy instruments synthetically, regulating CP service organizations by controlling their qualifications, differentiating CP subsidizations, and improving transparency of project progress and outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: cleaner production; incentive; implementation strategy; policy outcome cleaner production; incentive; implementation strategy; policy outcome
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Guan, T.; Grunow, D.; Yu, J. Improving China’s Environmental Performance through Adaptive Implementation—A Comparative Case Study of Cleaner Production in Hangzhou and Guiyang. Sustainability 2014, 6, 8889-8908.

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