Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Effects of Reduced Tillage on Crop Yield, Plant Available Nutrients and Soil Organic Matter in a 12-Year Long-Term Trial under Organic Management
Previous Article in Journal
Modeling a Sustainable Salt Tolerant Grass-Livestock Production System under Saline Conditions in the Western San Joaquin Valley of California
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Influence of Different Cover Types on American Robin Nest Success in Organic Agroecosystems
Sustainability 2013, 5(9), 3858-3875; doi:10.3390/su5093858

Rethinking Study and Management of Agricultural Systems for Policy Design

1,2,* , 3,4 and 5
1 Centre of Research in Agrifood Economy and Development, Parc Mediterrani de la Tecnologia, Castelldefels 08860 (Barcelona), Spain 2 Department of Environment and Food, Polythecnic School, University of Vic, C/la Laura, 13, Vic 08500 (Barcelona), Spain 3 Fundació ENT, C/Sant Joan 39, first floor, Vilanova i la Geltrú 08800 (Barcelona), Spain 4 Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technology. Autonomous University of Barcelona. Bellaterra 08193 (Barcelona), Spain 5 Center for the Analysis of Sustainable Agro-ecological Systems (CASAS), Kensington, CA 94707, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 June 2013 / Revised: 14 August 2013 / Accepted: 30 August 2013 / Published: 12 September 2013
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [603 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]   |   Browse Figure


There is a concern that agriculture will no longer be able to meet, on a global scale, the growing demand for food. Facing such a challenge requires new patterns of thinking in the context of complexity and sustainability sciences. This paper, focused on the social dimension of the study and management of agricultural systems, suggests that rethinking the study of agricultural systems entails analyzing them as complex socio-ecological systems, as well as considering the differing thinking patterns of diverse stakeholders. The intersubjective nature of knowledge, as studied by different philosophical schools, needs to be better integrated into the study and management of agricultural systems than it is done so far, forcing us to accept that there are no simplistic solutions, and to seek a better understanding of the social dimension of agriculture. Different agriculture related problems require different policy and institutional approaches. Finally, the intersubjective nature of knowledge asks for the visualization of different framings and the power relations taking place in the decision-making process. Rethinking management of agricultural systems implies that policy making should be shaped by different principles: learning, flexibility, adaptation, scale-matching, participation, diversity enhancement and precaution hold the promise to significantly improve current standard management procedures.
Keywords: Complex Socio-ecological Systems; constructivism; realism; pragmatism; food security Complex Socio-ecological Systems; constructivism; realism; pragmatism; food security
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Rivera-Ferre, M.G.; Ortega-Cerdà, M.; Baumgärtner, J. Rethinking Study and Management of Agricultural Systems for Policy Design. Sustainability 2013, 5, 3858-3875.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


Cited By

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert