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Sustainability 2013, 5(7), 2944-2959; doi:10.3390/su5072944
Article

Transferring the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Approach and Best Available Techniques (BAT) Concepts to Egypt, Tunisia and Morocco

1,* , 1
, 2
, 2
, 3
 and 3
1 Institute of Management, Scuola Superiore di Studi Universitari e di Perfezionamento Sant'Anna, Piazza Martiri della Libertà, 33 – Pisa 56127, Italy 2 Vlaamse Instelling voor Technologisch Onderzoek N.V. (VITO), Boeretang 200 - Mol 2400, Belgium 3 Instituto Andaluz de Tecnología, C/Leonardo da Vinci, 2 - Sevilla 41092, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 April 2013 / Revised: 15 June 2013 / Accepted: 1 July 2013 / Published: 4 July 2013
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Abstract

The principles introduced by the Directive Concerning Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) (currently known as the Industrial Emissions Directive (2010/75/EU)) are innovative and have raised interests in the framework of the literature debate on environmental regulation. Many articles describe and analyze the application of the Directive in European countries, but only a few articles focus on how the interest for the Directive’s principles, including the integrated approach, have reached countries outside the European Union. This paper aims to contribute to this topic, describing the experience of the authors in carrying out an EU-funded project on transferring the IPPC approach and Best Available Techniques (BAT) concepts to three Arab countries, i.e., Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. The paper presents the experience referring to two sectors falling within the scope of the IPPC Directive: the textile and dairy sector. The objectives, methodologies, activities and experiences are described and can be used and valorized to integrate the IPPC approach and BAT concepts in the current environmental legislation of the three countries.
Keywords: best available techniques; Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control; environmental regulation best available techniques; Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control; environmental regulation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Daddi, T.; De Giacomo, M.R.; Dils, E.; Polders, C.; Lepe, G.R.; Calvo, V.V. Transferring the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Approach and Best Available Techniques (BAT) Concepts to Egypt, Tunisia and Morocco. Sustainability 2013, 5, 2944-2959.

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