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Urban Architecture as Connective-Collective Intelligence. Which Spaces of Interaction?
Department of Architecture, University of Bologna, Via Risorgimento 5, Bologna 40126, Italy
Centre de Recherche sur l'Habitat (CRH), UMR-CNRS, 7218–Lavue, France
Department of Architecture, Design, Urban Planning, University of Sassari, Palazzo Pou Salit, Piazza Duomo 6, Alghero (SS) 07041, Italy
Energy Department, Polytechnic of Turin, C.so Duca degli Abruzzi 24, Torino 10129, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 April 2013; in revised form: 24 June 2013 / Accepted: 26 June 2013 / Published: 4 July 2013
Abstract: During the twentieth century, with the advent of industrial society and globalization, the language of planning changed according to the shifts in construction and use of physical space. By borrowing terms and spatial forms from biology and cybernetics, industrial society and globalization increased the original semantic connotations. Moving from cognitive sciences, this paper outlines the definition of architecture as connective-collective intelligence and presents its implication in urban design. Spontaneous and commercial initiatives are redefining the communication form of urban life, affecting the procedures of the transmission of traditional knowledge. This approach to building environment is moving towards a complex multichannel interaction, involving both the individual and the collective experiences of space and technology. In describing some signs of that process, the authors outline new features that are changing the concept of sustainability in urban design.
Keywords: urban architecture; sustainable developments; city as a “complex adaptive system”; thinkering; uncertain models; collective mind
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Maahsen-Milan, A.; Pellegrino, M.; Oliva, L.; Simonetti, M. Urban Architecture as Connective-Collective Intelligence. Which Spaces of Interaction? Sustainability 2013, 5, 2928-2943.
Maahsen-Milan A, Pellegrino M, Oliva L, Simonetti M. Urban Architecture as Connective-Collective Intelligence. Which Spaces of Interaction? Sustainability. 2013; 5(7):2928-2943.
Maahsen-Milan, Andreina; Pellegrino, Margot; Oliva, Luigi; Simonetti, Marco. 2013. "Urban Architecture as Connective-Collective Intelligence. Which Spaces of Interaction?" Sustainability 5, no. 7: 2928-2943.