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Sustainability 2013, 5(4), 1617-1631; doi:10.3390/su5041617
Article

Sustainable Development and Airport Surface Access: The Role of Technological Innovation and Behavioral Change

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Received: 1 February 2013 / Revised: 19 March 2013 / Accepted: 25 March 2013 / Published: 17 April 2013
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Abstract

Sustainable development reflects an underlying tension to achieve economic growth whilst addressing environmental challenges, and this is particularly the case for the aviation sector. Although much of the aviation-related focus has fallen on reducing aircraft emissions, airports have also been under increasing pressure to support the vision of a low carbon energy future. One of the main sources of airport-related emissions is passenger journeys to and from airports (the surface access component of air travel), which is the focus of this paper. Two aspects associated with the relationship between sustainable development and airport surface access are considered. Firstly, there is an evaluation of three technological innovation options that will enable sustainable transport solutions for surface access journeys: telepresence systems to reduce drop-off/pick-up trips, techniques to improve public transport and options to encourage the sharing of rides. Secondly, the role of behavioral change for surface access journeys from a theoretical perspective, using empirical data from Manchester airport, is evaluated. Finally, the contribution of technology and behavioral intervention measures to improvements in sustainable development are discussed.
Keywords: sustainable development; surface access; technology; behavior sustainable development; surface access; technology; behavior
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Ryley, T.; Elmirghani, J.; Budd, T.; Miyoshi, C.; Mason, K.; Moxon, R.; Ahmed, I.; Qazi, B.; Zanni, A. Sustainable Development and Airport Surface Access: The Role of Technological Innovation and Behavioral Change. Sustainability 2013, 5, 1617-1631.

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