Sustainability 2013, 5(2), 524-559; doi:10.3390/su5020524
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An Integrated Model Based on a Hierarchical Indices System for Monitoring and Evaluating Urban Sustainability

1,2,* email, 1email and 1email
1 Department of Geography and Planning, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N5C8, Canada 2 Sustainable Cities International, West Hastings Street, Vancouver, V6B1G8, Canada
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 October 2012; in revised form: 24 January 2013 / Accepted: 25 January 2013 / Published: 1 February 2013
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Abstract: Over 50% of world’s population presently resides in cities, and this number is expected to rise to ~70% by 2050. Increasing urbanization problems including population growth, urban sprawl, land use change, unemployment, and environmental degradation, have markedly impacted urban residents’ Quality of Life (QOL). Therefore, urban sustainability and its measurement have gained increasing attention from administrators, urban planners, and scientific communities throughout the world with respect to improving urban development and human well-being. The widely accepted definition of urban sustainability emphasizes the balancing development of three primary domains (urban economy, society, and environment). This article attempts to improve the aforementioned definition of urban sustainability by incorporating a human well-being dimension. Major problems identified in existing urban sustainability indicator (USI) models include a weak integration of potential indicators, poor measurement and quantification, and insufficient spatial-temporal analysis. To tackle these challenges an integrated USI model based on a hierarchical indices system was established for monitoring and evaluating urban sustainability. This model can be performed by quantifying indicators using both traditional statistical approaches and advanced geomatic techniques based on satellite imagery and census data, which aims to provide a theoretical basis for a comprehensive assessment of urban sustainability from a spatial-temporal perspective.
Keywords: urban sustainability; urban sustainability indicator; socioeconomic; environmental; QOL; an integrated model; a hierarchical system; remote sensing; geographic information system

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MDPI and ACS Style

Shen, L.; Kyllo, J.M.; Guo, X. An Integrated Model Based on a Hierarchical Indices System for Monitoring and Evaluating Urban Sustainability. Sustainability 2013, 5, 524-559.

AMA Style

Shen L, Kyllo JM, Guo X. An Integrated Model Based on a Hierarchical Indices System for Monitoring and Evaluating Urban Sustainability. Sustainability. 2013; 5(2):524-559.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shen, Li; Kyllo, Jared M.; Guo, Xulin. 2013. "An Integrated Model Based on a Hierarchical Indices System for Monitoring and Evaluating Urban Sustainability." Sustainability 5, no. 2: 524-559.

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