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Pedagogies to Achieve Sustainability Learning Outcomes in Civil and Environmental Engineering Students
Department of Civil, Environmental & Architectural Engineering, University of Colorado Boulder, 428 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
Received: 1 September 2013; in revised form: 1 October 2013 / Accepted: 9 October 2013 / Published: 21 October 2013
Abstract: The civil and environmental engineering disciplines have identified the levels of knowledge about sustainability that are desirable for students to achieve as they graduate with a bachelor’s degree, as well as sustainability-related competencies to be obtained during a master’s degree, and on-the-job, prior to professional licensure. Different pedagogies are better suited to help students attain these levels of cognitive ability, while also developing affective outcomes. This paper provides examples of different methods that have been used at one institution to educate engineering students about sustainability, supported with data that indicates whether the method successfully achieved the targeted learning outcomes. Lectures, in-class active learning, readings, and appropriately targeted homework assignments can achieve basic sustainability knowledge and comprehension by requiring students to define, identify, and explain aspects of sustainability. Case studies and the application of software tools are good methods to achieve application and analysis competencies. Project-based learning (PBL) and project-based service-learning (PBSL) design projects can reach the synthesis level and may also develop affective outcomes related to sustainability. The results provide examples that may apply to a wider range of disciplines and suggest sustainability outcomes that are particularly difficult to teach and/or assess.
Keywords: Bloom’s taxonomy; case studies; civil engineering; project-based learning; service-learning
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MDPI and ACS Style
Bielefeldt, A.R. Pedagogies to Achieve Sustainability Learning Outcomes in Civil and Environmental Engineering Students. Sustainability 2013, 5, 4479-4501.
Bielefeldt AR. Pedagogies to Achieve Sustainability Learning Outcomes in Civil and Environmental Engineering Students. Sustainability. 2013; 5(10):4479-4501.
Bielefeldt, Angela R. 2013. "Pedagogies to Achieve Sustainability Learning Outcomes in Civil and Environmental Engineering Students." Sustainability 5, no. 10: 4479-4501.