Next Article in Journal
The Modern Phosphorus Sustainability Movement: A Profiling Experiment
Next Article in Special Issue
Understanding the Role of Built Environment in Reducing Vehicle Miles Traveled Accounting for Spatial Heterogeneity
Previous Article in Journal
Pedagogies to Achieve Sustainability Learning Outcomes in Civil and Environmental Engineering Students
Previous Article in Special Issue
Greenhouse Gas Implications of Urban Sprawl in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area
Sustainability 2013, 5(10), 4502-4522; doi:10.3390/su5104502
Article

Density and Decision-Making: Findings from an Online Survey

*  and
Received: 16 August 2013; in revised form: 3 September 2013 / Accepted: 4 October 2013 / Published: 23 October 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Density and Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [661 KB, uploaded 23 October 2013]   |   Browse Figure
Abstract: In many countries, policymakers have used urban densification strategies in an effort to create more sustainable cities. However, spatial density as a concept remains unclear and complex. Little information exists about how density is considered by decision makers, including the different kinds of density and the wider political and economic context in which decisions are made: who makes density decisions, when they make those decisions and what they use to make decisions. To that end, the authors created an online survey to investigate the above issues. One hundred and twenty-nine respondents from the fields of architecture, planning, urban design and engineering answered a 26-item survey over a 3-month period. Findings suggest that decision makers consider more than just population and dwelling density and that city design, planning and policy need to address these other kinds of density. Moreover, the professions making many of the density decisions are not, necessarily, the ones that should be making the decisions; nor are they making decisions early enough. Policymakers also need to be more cognisant of the multi-scalar dimensions of density when creating policy. Finally, more needs to be done in universities to ensure that built environment students receive a broader skillset, particularly in terms of engaging with communities.
Keywords: density; decision-making; sustainability; cities; survey density; decision-making; sustainability; cities; survey
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Boyko, C.T.; Cooper, R. Density and Decision-Making: Findings from an Online Survey. Sustainability 2013, 5, 4502-4522.

AMA Style

Boyko CT, Cooper R. Density and Decision-Making: Findings from an Online Survey. Sustainability. 2013; 5(10):4502-4522.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Boyko, Christopher T.; Cooper, Rachel. 2013. "Density and Decision-Making: Findings from an Online Survey." Sustainability 5, no. 10: 4502-4522.


Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert