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Ecology in Urban Planning: Mitigating the Environmental Damage of Municipal Solid Waste
Department of Urban Engineering, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Vilnius 10223, Lithuania
School of the Built Environment, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool L3 3AF, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 July 2012; in revised form: 9 August 2012 / Accepted: 17 August 2012 / Published: 24 August 2012
Abstract: The principles of well-known indices of sustainability—the Ecological Footprint (EF) and the Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI)—have been compared to discuss the essence of attitude, substantial differences and transferability into urban planning. An overview indicates that ideologically the EF is a more appropriate tool for ecological tasks due to its clear background of natural limits and the ability of “leakage” tracing. Furthermore the European Common Initiative is discussed as it proposes feasible indices monitoring actions towards local sustainability that could be considered in urban planning. Taking two Lithuanian cities as an example, integration of part of one index (regarding municipal solid wastes) into the ecological section of urban planning is presented. It has been estimated that in 10 years an average Lithuanian should generate an amount of municipal solid waste whose ecological impact will be equal to 19,900 kg of CO2-eq in 20 years time. Lastly considering urban planning scope and the EF practice, two opportunities are discussed: (1) tree planting and (2) waste incineration.
Keywords: sustainability; urban planning; waste; mitigation
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Staniunas, M.; Burinskiene, M.; Maliene, V. Ecology in Urban Planning: Mitigating the Environmental Damage of Municipal Solid Waste. Sustainability 2012, 4, 1966-1983.
Staniunas M, Burinskiene M, Maliene V. Ecology in Urban Planning: Mitigating the Environmental Damage of Municipal Solid Waste. Sustainability. 2012; 4(9):1966-1983.
Staniunas, Mindaugas; Burinskiene, Marija; Maliene, Vida. 2012. "Ecology in Urban Planning: Mitigating the Environmental Damage of Municipal Solid Waste." Sustainability 4, no. 9: 1966-1983.