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The New Ecology of Vacancy: Rethinking Land Use in Shrinking Cities
Department of Landscape Architecture, Pennsylvania State University, 121 Stuckeman Family Building, University Park, PA 16823, USA
Received: 15 February 2012; in revised form: 17 May 2012 / Accepted: 18 May 2012 / Published: 5 June 2012
Abstract: Urban environments are in continual transition. Yet, as many cities continue to grow and develop in ways deemed typical or standard, these transitions can be difficult to acknowledge. Narratives of continued growth and permanence become accepted and expected while the understanding of urban dynamics becomes lost. In many parts of the world, the shrinking cities phenomenon has given rise to a new awareness of urban transition that provides a laboratory of new conditions at the intersection of urbanism and ecology. With property vacancy rates easily exceeding 50% in certain locations, cities in the American Rust Belt look more like successional woodlands than bustling metropolises, yet these cities still contain significant numbers of urban residents. A central question that arises from this phenomenon is: how can vacant land, through the provision of ecosystem services, become a resource as opposed to a liability? This paper looks to recent studies in urban ecology as a lens for understanding the land use potential of shrinking cities, while discussing unconventional solutions for sustainable development of urban land.
Keywords: shrinking cities; urban ecology; urban landscape; vacancy; off-lining; sustainable urban planning; ecosystem services
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MDPI and ACS Style
Burkholder, S. The New Ecology of Vacancy: Rethinking Land Use in Shrinking Cities. Sustainability 2012, 4, 1154-1172.
Burkholder S. The New Ecology of Vacancy: Rethinking Land Use in Shrinking Cities. Sustainability. 2012; 4(6):1154-1172.
Burkholder, Sean. 2012. "The New Ecology of Vacancy: Rethinking Land Use in Shrinking Cities." Sustainability 4, no. 6: 1154-1172.