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Key Performance Characteristics of Organic Shrimp Aquaculture in Southwest Bangladesh
Division of Organic Farming, Department of Sustainable Agricultural Systems, BOKU-University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Gregor Mendel Strasse 33, Vienna A-1180, Austria
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 April 2012; in revised form: 2 May 2012 / Accepted: 3 May 2012 / Published: 14 May 2012
Abstract: In Bangladesh, black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon; Fabricius, 1798) aquaculture has come to be one of the most important sectors in both the rural and national economies. Likewise, organic shrimp aquaculture has emerged as an alternative farming enterprise for farmers especially in the southwestern districts of Bangladesh. The present study aims to show key performance characteristics of organic shrimp farmers and farming in a prototypical shrimp farming area in Bangladesh. Data was collected in 2009 from organic shrimp farmers in the Kaligonj and Shyamnagar sub-districts through questionnaire interviews, transect walks and focus group discussions. The mean productivity of organic shrimp farming in the area is 320 kg ha−1 yr−1 (ranging from 120 to 711 kg ha−1year−1). Organic farmers are more likely to have a higher monthly income and less aquaculture experience. Moreover, suitable landholdings and classified labor distribution have been found to play an important role in the development of organic shrimp aquaculture. The most common assets of organic shrimp aquaculture are high yield, low production cost, available post larvae and high market prices. Small business farmers are likely to earn more income benefits from organic shrimp aquaculture than their larger-scale counterparts. Finally, the paper suggests that more research is needed to stimulate the success of organic shrimp aquaculture.
Keywords: organic shrimp; organic aquaculture; production; land; labor; Bangladesh
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MDPI and ACS Style
Paul, B.G.; Vogl, C.R. Key Performance Characteristics of Organic Shrimp Aquaculture in Southwest Bangladesh. Sustainability 2012, 4, 995-1012.
Paul BG, Vogl CR. Key Performance Characteristics of Organic Shrimp Aquaculture in Southwest Bangladesh. Sustainability. 2012; 4(5):995-1012.
Paul, Brojo Gopal; Vogl, Christian Reinhard. 2012. "Key Performance Characteristics of Organic Shrimp Aquaculture in Southwest Bangladesh." Sustainability 4, no. 5: 995-1012.