Publication Growth in Biological Sub-Fields: Patterns, Predictability and Sustainability
AbstractBiologists are producing ever-increasing quantities of papers. The question arises of whether current rates of increase in scientific outputs are sustainable in the long term. I studied this issue using publication data from the Web of Science (1991–2010) for 18 biological sub-fields. In the majority of cases, an exponential regression explains more variation than a linear one in the number of papers published each year as a function of publication year. Exponential growth in publication numbers is clearly not sustainable. About 75% of the variation in publication growth among biological sub-fields over the two studied decades can be predicted by publication data from the first six years. Currently trendy fields such as structural biology, neuroscience and biomaterials cannot be expected to carry on growing at the current pace, because in a few decades they would produce more papers than the whole of biology combined. Synthetic and systems biology are problematic from the point of view of knowledge dissemination, because in these fields more than 80% of existing papers have been published over the last five years. The evidence presented here casts a shadow on how sustainable the recent increase in scientific publications can be in the long term.
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Pautasso, M. Publication Growth in Biological Sub-Fields: Patterns, Predictability and Sustainability. Sustainability 2012, 4, 3234-3247.
Pautasso M. Publication Growth in Biological Sub-Fields: Patterns, Predictability and Sustainability. Sustainability. 2012; 4(12):3234-3247.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pautasso, Marco. 2012. "Publication Growth in Biological Sub-Fields: Patterns, Predictability and Sustainability." Sustainability 4, no. 12: 3234-3247.