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Sustainability 2012, 4(11), 3088-3123; doi:10.3390/su4113088
Article

Sustainable, Full-Scope Nuclear Fission Energy at Planetary Scale

1,*  and 2
Received: 25 July 2012; in revised form: 1 November 2012 / Accepted: 7 November 2012 / Published: 13 November 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Nuclear Energy)
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Abstract: A nuclear fission-based energy system is described that is capable of supplying the energy needs of all of human civilization for a full range of human energy use scenarios, including both very high rates of energy use and strikingly-large amounts of total energy-utilized. To achieve such “planetary scale sustainability”, this nuclear energy system integrates three nascent technologies: uranium extraction from seawater, manifestly safe breeder reactors, and deep borehole disposal of nuclear waste. In addition to these technological components, it also possesses the sociopolitical quality of manifest safety, which involves engineering to a very high degree of safety in a straightforward manner, while concurrently making the safety characteristics of the resulting nuclear systems continually manifest to society as a whole. Near-term aspects of this nuclear system are outlined, and representative parameters given for a system of global scale capable of supplying energy to a planetary population of 10 billion people at a per capita level enjoyed by contemporary Americans, i.e., of a type which might be seen a half-century hence. In addition to being sustainable from a resource standpoint, the described nuclear system is also sustainable with respect to environmental and human health impacts, including those resulting from severe accidents.
Keywords: nuclear fission energy; breeder reactor; traveling wave reactor; manifest safety; seawater uranium extraction; deep borehole nuclear waste disposal; nuclear process heat; nuclear transportation nuclear fission energy; breeder reactor; traveling wave reactor; manifest safety; seawater uranium extraction; deep borehole nuclear waste disposal; nuclear process heat; nuclear transportation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Petroski, R.; Wood, L. Sustainable, Full-Scope Nuclear Fission Energy at Planetary Scale. Sustainability 2012, 4, 3088-3123.

AMA Style

Petroski R, Wood L. Sustainable, Full-Scope Nuclear Fission Energy at Planetary Scale. Sustainability. 2012; 4(11):3088-3123.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Petroski, Robert; Wood, Lowell. 2012. "Sustainable, Full-Scope Nuclear Fission Energy at Planetary Scale." Sustainability 4, no. 11: 3088-3123.


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