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Sustainability 2012, 4(10), 2419-2429; doi:10.3390/su4102419
Article

Sedimentation Rate and 210Pb Sediment Dating at Apipucos Reservoir, Recife, Brazil

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Received: 20 August 2012 / Revised: 10 September 2012 / Accepted: 11 September 2012 / Published: 27 September 2012
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Abstract

The Apipucos Reservoir is located in Pernambuco-Brazil. Several districts of the metropolitan area use this reservoir to dispose of rubbish, waste and sewage. Dating sediments uses the 210Pb from the atmosphere. 210Pb is a daughter of the 222Rn, which emanates from the soil but is different from that contained in the sediment, which is in balance with the 226Ra. The chosen model for dating sediments depends on certain conditions: in environments where the amount of sediment can vary, the Constant Rate of Supply (CRS) model is adopted. In environments where the sediments can be considered to be constant, a Constant Initial Concentration (CIC) model is applied. A 70 cm long and 5 cm internal-diameter wide core was used for sediment sampling. Samples were dried at 105 °C, and about 5 g dry material was dissolved with acids. The 210Pb and 226Ra content was determined by their radioactive descendants’ concentrations. For the second sampling point, both models could be used. The results showed an increase in sedimentation rate over the last 50–60 years. We could conclude that the top sediment interval had been there 30 years ago. We could decide that the CRS was the best applicable model.
Keywords: sedimentation rate; dating sediments with 210Pb; CRS and CIC models sedimentation rate; dating sediments with 210Pb; CRS and CIC models
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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de Souza, V.L.B.; Rodrigues, K.R.G.; Pedroza, E.H.; Melo, R.T.; Lima, V.L.; Hazin, C.A.; Almeida, M.G.O.; Nascimento, R.K. Sedimentation Rate and 210Pb Sediment Dating at Apipucos Reservoir, Recife, Brazil. Sustainability 2012, 4, 2419-2429.

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