Next Article in Journal
The Role of Formal and Informal Forces in Shaping Consumption and Implications for a Sustainable Society. Part I
Next Article in Special Issue
Issues of Sustainability of Coastal Groundwater Resources: Benin, West Africa
Previous Article in Journal
Improving the Net Benefits from Tourism for People Living in Remote Northern Australia
Sustainability 2010, 2(7), 2219-2231; doi:10.3390/su2072219
Article

Sustainable Technologies and Social Costs for Eliminating Contamination of an Aquifer

1
 and 2,*
Received: 30 May 2010; in revised form: 25 June 2010 / Accepted: 9 July 2010 / Published: 16 July 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability of Groundwater)
Download PDF [324 KB, updated 19 July 2010; original version uploaded 16 July 2010]
Abstract: This case study deals with long-term contamination of the Leuna aquifer, which is intended to be restored using sustainable technologies financed by the state. The contamination can only be solved using active rather than passive intervention, because the aquifer has an extraordinarily low natural attenuation capacity for the specific pollutants. Due to the longevity of the contamination source, the groundwater treatment technology that was chosen for the site must operate for a minimum of 20 years but probably much longer. Since the polluter-pay principle cannot be applied, the estimated dynamic primary remediation costs must be accepted as a political or social cost, which must be paid by current and future generations.
Keywords: groundwater contamination; MTBE-remediation technologies; social costs for groundwater rehabilitation measures groundwater contamination; MTBE-remediation technologies; social costs for groundwater rehabilitation measures
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Schirmer, M.; Niemes, H. Sustainable Technologies and Social Costs for Eliminating Contamination of an Aquifer. Sustainability 2010, 2, 2219-2231.

AMA Style

Schirmer M, Niemes H. Sustainable Technologies and Social Costs for Eliminating Contamination of an Aquifer. Sustainability. 2010; 2(7):2219-2231.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schirmer, Mario; Niemes, Horst. 2010. "Sustainable Technologies and Social Costs for Eliminating Contamination of an Aquifer." Sustainability 2, no. 7: 2219-2231.


Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert