Next Article in Journal
From Consumerism to the Empowerment of Consumers: The Case of Consumer Oriented Movements in France
Previous Article in Journal
Contribution of Online Trading of Used Goods to Resource Efficiency: An Empirical Study of eBay Users
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2010, 2(6), 1831-1848; doi:10.3390/su2061831

Impact of the Introduction of Biofuel in the Transportation Sector in Indonesia

Department of Management Science and Technology, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Aoba yama 6-6-11-808, Sendai, 980-8579, Japan
Received: 27 May 2010 / Revised: 17 June 2010 / Accepted: 17 June 2010 / Published: 23 June 2010
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [469 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]   |  

Abstract

Indonesia faces serious energy problems; its status as an oil exporter has changed to that of a net oil importer. Additionally, a highly subsidized price of fossil fuels, combined with a high dependency on oil, burden Indonesia’s national budget. In 2006, the government enacted a Mix Energy Policy, which strives for a mixture of energy sources by introducing renewable energy into the existing energy systems. Among the several alternative renewable energy options, biofuel is perceived as having the most potential in Indonesia, due to favorable climate and the availability of land and technology. This paper assesses the impact of the introduction of biofuel in the transportation sector of Indonesia in terms of energy, economics and the environment. A linear programming model was built to simulate the impact of the introduction of biofuel. The author concludes that the introduction of biofuel may have a positive impact by partially replacing the oil used for domestic transportation, generating income due to export of excess production, creating jobs in several sectors, and reducing carbon emissions in a sustainable way. In the model, four scenarios are tested: under the scenario ‘land and technology’, with proper land allocation and technology development, biofuel production can reach 2,810 PJ/annum and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 168 million tons/annum CO2-equivalent. Furthermore, a profit of 49 billion USD can be generated in 2025 (all maximum values). View Full-Text
Keywords: biofuel; energy systems modeling; sustainable production; transportation sector biofuel; energy systems modeling; sustainable production; transportation sector
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Jupesta, J. Impact of the Introduction of Biofuel in the Transportation Sector in Indonesia. Sustainability 2010, 2, 1831-1848.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top