Sustainability 2010, 2(4), 963-979; doi:10.3390/su2040963
Article

The Influence of Nutrients and Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions on the Ecological Footprint of Products

1 Department of Environmental Science, Institute for Water and Wetland Research, Faculty of Science, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands 2 Department of Environmental Science, School of Environmental & Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science, National University of Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 February 2010; in revised form: 12 March 2010 / Accepted: 29 March 2010 / Published: 7 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecological Footprint Indicator)
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [258 KB, uploaded 7 April 2010 08:58 CEST]
Abstract: The ecological footprint (EF) commonly neglects the influence of other stressors than land use and CO2 emissions on the land area required for human activities. This study analyzes the relevancy of including nutrients and non-CO2 greenhouse gases in the EF assessment of products. The analysis was based on environmental information for 1,925 goods and services. Our findings suggest that within specific product categories, i.e., waste treatment processes, bio-based energy, agricultural products and chemicals, adding non-CO2 greenhouse gases and nutrient emissions can have a dominant influence on the EF results.
Keywords: ecological footprint; non-CO2 greenhouse gases; nutrient emissions; products

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hanafiah, M.M.; Huijbregts, M.A.; Hendriks, A.J. The Influence of Nutrients and Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions on the Ecological Footprint of Products. Sustainability 2010, 2, 963-979.

AMA Style

Hanafiah MM, Huijbregts MA, Hendriks AJ. The Influence of Nutrients and Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions on the Ecological Footprint of Products. Sustainability. 2010; 2(4):963-979.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hanafiah, Marlia M.; Huijbregts, Mark A.J.; Hendriks, A. Jan. 2010. "The Influence of Nutrients and Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions on the Ecological Footprint of Products." Sustainability 2, no. 4: 963-979.

Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert