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Sustainability 2010, 2(4), 963-979; doi:10.3390/su2040963
Article

The Influence of Nutrients and Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions on the Ecological Footprint of Products

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Received: 12 February 2010 / Revised: 12 March 2010 / Accepted: 29 March 2010 / Published: 7 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecological Footprint Indicator)
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Abstract

The ecological footprint (EF) commonly neglects the influence of other stressors than land use and CO2 emissions on the land area required for human activities. This study analyzes the relevancy of including nutrients and non-CO2 greenhouse gases in the EF assessment of products. The analysis was based on environmental information for 1,925 goods and services. Our findings suggest that within specific product categories, i.e., waste treatment processes, bio-based energy, agricultural products and chemicals, adding non-CO2 greenhouse gases and nutrient emissions can have a dominant influence on the EF results.
Keywords: ecological footprint; non-CO2 greenhouse gases; nutrient emissions; products ecological footprint; non-CO2 greenhouse gases; nutrient emissions; products
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Hanafiah, M.M.; Huijbregts, M.A.; Hendriks, A.J. The Influence of Nutrients and Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions on the Ecological Footprint of Products. Sustainability 2010, 2, 963-979.

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