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Sustainability 2010, 2(4), 1035-1054; doi:10.3390/su2041035
Article

External Costs as Driving Forces of Land Use Changes

Received: 23 March 2010; in revised form: 7 April 2010 / Accepted: 15 April 2010 / Published: 19 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land Use and Sustainability)
Download PDF [204 KB, uploaded 19 April 2010]
Abstract: Land conversion is often not carried out in a sustainable way. The loss of arable land and biodiversity, concern about food security and rising costs of infrastructure due to urban sprawl are just some of the problems under discussion. This paper compares Germany, China and Cambodia. The article points out that, despite huge differences in institutions and governance, unsustainable land use changes mostly have some patterns in common: The beneficiaries of land conversion are often well-organized actors, whereas the costs of land conversion are often shifted to poorly organized groups and to society as a whole. A sustainable land use policy has to look for a better coupling of benefits and costs of land use changes. In order to achieve this goal, the article suggests completing the planning law with a suitable economic framework.
Keywords: land use changes; planning; property tax; financial equalization scheme land use changes; planning; property tax; financial equalization scheme
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Loehr, D. External Costs as Driving Forces of Land Use Changes. Sustainability 2010, 2, 1035-1054.

AMA Style

Loehr D. External Costs as Driving Forces of Land Use Changes. Sustainability. 2010; 2(4):1035-1054.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Loehr, Dirk. 2010. "External Costs as Driving Forces of Land Use Changes." Sustainability 2, no. 4: 1035-1054.


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