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Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3241; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10093241

Perceptions of Pedestrian and Cyclist Environments, Travel Behaviors, and Social Networks

1
Transport Department, School of Civil Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de València, 46022 València, Spain
2
Social Psychology Department, Faculty of Psychology, Universitat de València, 46010 València, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 August 2018 / Revised: 6 September 2018 / Accepted: 7 September 2018 / Published: 11 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
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Abstract

The research presented in this paper studied interrelationships within the perceptions of pedestrian and cyclist environments, travel behaviors, and a particular subset of social networks characterized by their being usual trip or activity companions. For this purpose, 404 individuals participated in a web-based survey and provided data related to perceptions of particular elements of pedestrian- and cyclist-specific environments (sidewalks, cycle lanes, and pedestrian crossing), sociodemographics, and characteristics of their usual activity and trip companions. Participants also completed a two-day activity-travel diary. The validity of measurements and reliability of constructs were assessed by mean of Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (EFA and CFA) and five models were determined using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) to identify relations among the variables of the study. Results highlight the importance of how travel behavior influences the formation of perceptions of elements related to pedestrians and cyclist-specific environments. View Full-Text
Keywords: travel behavior; perceptions; pedestrian and cyclist environments; social networks; SEM travel behavior; perceptions; pedestrian and cyclist environments; social networks; SEM
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Arroyo, R.; Mars, L.; Ruiz, T. Perceptions of Pedestrian and Cyclist Environments, Travel Behaviors, and Social Networks. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3241.

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