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Sustainability 2018, 10(7), 2451; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072451

Assessment of Social-Economic Risk of Chinese Dual Land Use System Using Fuzzy AHP

1
State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering, School of Naval Architecture, Ocean and Civil Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
3
College of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai 201620, China
4
School of Engineering, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Victoria 3001, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 June 2018 / Revised: 10 July 2018 / Accepted: 11 July 2018 / Published: 13 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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Abstract

The Chinese dual land use system (DLUS) has played a crucial role in the industrialization of China since 1950s. However, this dual system caused/causes obstacles in urban development under the new market economic conditions. This paper presents an approach to assess the social-economic risks during urban development in China by integrating the strategic environment assessment (SEA) principle into the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method. In the proposed approach, SEA principles are set as the influencing factors in AHP. Fuzzy AHP is used to assess the relative importance degree of the six principles in SEA. To illustrate the application procedure of the proposed approach, a building collapse incident in Wenzhou is used as a case for the risk analysis. The assessment results show that the index of the manage system has the greatest importance to social-economic risk. The principle of sustainable development (A) and monitoring measures (E) have more importance than the other principles in SEA. It can be concluded that the DLUS in the market management of China may be responsible for building collapse incidents in rural areas. It is suggested that the principles of sustainable development and monitoring measures in SEA should be strictly implemented during urbanization, and it is recommended that the government establish a unified management system and ensure the effective implementation of sustainable urbanization. View Full-Text
Keywords: dual land use system; social-economic risk; fuzzy AHP; Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA); unified management system dual land use system; social-economic risk; fuzzy AHP; Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA); unified management system
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Lyu, H.-M.; Wu, Y.-X.; Shen, J.S.; Zhou, A.-N. Assessment of Social-Economic Risk of Chinese Dual Land Use System Using Fuzzy AHP. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2451.

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