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Sustainability 2018, 10(7), 2394; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072394

Achieving an Integrated Approach to Food Safety and Hygiene—Meeting the Sustainable Development Goals in Sub-Saharan Africa

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Level 5 James Weir Building, 75 Montrose Street, Glasgow G1 1XJ, UK
2
Centre for Water, Sanitation, Hygiene and Appropriate Technology Development, University of Malawi Polytechnic, Private Bag 303, Chichiri, Blantyre 3, Malawi
3
Ministry of Health, Government of Malawi, Capital Hill, Lilongwe 3, Malawi
4
World Health Organisation (Malawi), ADL House, Lilongwe 3, Malawi
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 June 2018 / Revised: 3 July 2018 / Accepted: 5 July 2018 / Published: 10 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Wildlife)
Full-Text   |   PDF [606 KB, uploaded 10 July 2018]   |  

Abstract

Improving food safety and hygiene is integral to the successful attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Foodborne diseases continue to impose a high burden on low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), particularly children under five years, and meeting stipulated conditions for both domestic and export markets can be challenging. This paper reports a situation analysis exploring the challenges faced in the food safety sector in LMICs, using Malawi as an example. The analysis used a desk and policy review, literature search, key informant interviews, and focus group discussions to provide national data, which was then subject to thematic analysis. The analysis established there is a significant threat to public health and market access due to uncoordinated, outdated or incomplete regulatory framework, poorly defined mandates, limited infrastructure, lack of equipment and skilled personnel, inadequate resources, and limited awareness and ability to comply with standards. Food safety and hygiene improvements must strike a balance between market access gains and protection of public health. To achieve this, the sector requires effective integration at national level in food security, nutrition, health, economic development, agriculture, and poverty reduction. Solutions for each country must be context-specific and take into consideration national realities if they are to be successful. View Full-Text
Keywords: food safety; Sustainable Development Goals; regulation; Malawi; policy; LMIC food safety; Sustainable Development Goals; regulation; Malawi; policy; LMIC
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Morse, T.D.; Masuku, H.; Rippon, S.; Kubwalo, H. Achieving an Integrated Approach to Food Safety and Hygiene—Meeting the Sustainable Development Goals in Sub-Saharan Africa. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2394.

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