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Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1988; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061988

Sustainable Land Use, Soil Protection and Phosphorus Management from a Cross-National Perspective

Research Unit Sustainability and Climate Policy, University of Rostock, 18051 Rostock, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany
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Received: 4 May 2018 / Revised: 7 June 2018 / Accepted: 10 June 2018 / Published: 13 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assessment and Governance of Sustainable Soil Management)
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Abstract

The scarcity of phosphorus (P) is a global concern that is not restricted to western industrialized nations. Until now, most countries in the world are highly dependent on importing mineral P fertilizers for agriculture. The industrialized nation of Germany, the emerging economy of Costa Rica, and the developing country of Nicaragua are examined with regard to their legislation in the field of environmental protection and agriculture, in particular with regard to soil protection and fertilizer law. Based on the structure of agriculture in each country, control weaknesses in legislation in the individual countries, which is largely determined by command-and-control law, are identified and compared. It becomes clear that soil protection in all three countries has not yet been adequately standardised in law and at the same time the efficient use of organic or recycled P fertilizers instead of (finite) mineral P fertilizers is inadequately regulated. In particular, frugality, i.e., the strategy of lower (and not only more efficient) consumption of P fertilizers, has so far played no regulatory role in land-use governance. View Full-Text
Keywords: phosphorus; legal comparison; governance; sustainable agriculture; fertilization; soil protection; Germany; Costa Rica; Nicaragua phosphorus; legal comparison; governance; sustainable agriculture; fertilization; soil protection; Germany; Costa Rica; Nicaragua
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Stubenrauch, J.; Garske, B.; Ekardt, F. Sustainable Land Use, Soil Protection and Phosphorus Management from a Cross-National Perspective. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1988.

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