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Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 512; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020512

Developing Socio-Techno-Economic-Political (STEP) Solutions for Addressing Resource Nexus Hotspots

1
Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
2
Water Management and Hydrologic Sciences Program, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
3
Department of Civil Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
4
Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon
5
Texas A&M Energy Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
6
The Bush School of Government and Public Service, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
7
The Bradley Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 December 2017 / Revised: 26 January 2018 / Accepted: 12 February 2018 / Published: 14 February 2018
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Abstract

The challenge of meeting increasing water, energy, and food needs is linked not only to growing demands globally, but also to the growing interdependency between these interconnected resource systems. Pressures on these systems will emerge to become hotspots with different characteristics, and will require a fresh look at the challenges existing both within each of the resource systems and at their respective interfaces. Proposing solutions to address different resource hotspots must be multi-faceted and need to acknowledge the multiple dimensions of the biophysical water, energy, and food systems, and the players connected with them. This commentary first explores the multiple dimensions of water, energy, and food systems as these relate to government, business, and society. It then identifies contemporary critical questions at the interface of these stressed resource systems. A 3-Filter framework is then introduced for vetting the feasibility of proposed resource allocation scenarios and to account for the bio-physical resource interactions and trade-offs, the stakeholder interactions and trade-offs, and to address governance and financing schemes for carrying forward the implementation of those scenarios. View Full-Text
Keywords: water-energy-food nexus; resource hotspots; multi-dimensional resource systems; multi-dimensional players; multi-faceted solutions water-energy-food nexus; resource hotspots; multi-dimensional resource systems; multi-dimensional players; multi-faceted solutions
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Daher, B.; Mohtar, R.H.; Pistikopoulos, E.N.; Portney, K.E.; Kaiser, R.; Saad, W. Developing Socio-Techno-Economic-Political (STEP) Solutions for Addressing Resource Nexus Hotspots. Sustainability 2018, 10, 512.

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