Next Article in Journal
A Comparative Analysis on Food Security in Bangladesh, India and Myanmar
Next Article in Special Issue
Fool’s Gold: Understanding Social, Economic and Environmental Impacts from Gold Mining in Quang Nam Province, Vietnam
Previous Article in Journal
Sustainable Investment in a Supply Chain in the Big Data Era: An Information Updating Approach
Previous Article in Special Issue
Clan in Transition: Societal Changes of Villages in China from the Perspective of Water Pollution
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 404; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020404

Formation of a Community of Practice in the Watershed Scale, with Integrated Local Environmental Knowledge

1
Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto 603-8047, Japan
2
Center for Regional Collaboration, Kanazawa University, Suzu, Ishikawa 927-1462, Japan
3
Faculty of Agriculture, Ryukoku University, Otsu, Shiga 520-2194, Japan
4
Faculty of Collaborative Regional Innovation, Ehime University, Matsuyama, Ehime 790-8577, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 November 2017 / Revised: 25 January 2018 / Accepted: 3 February 2018 / Published: 4 February 2018
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1608 KB, uploaded 4 February 2018]   |  

Abstract

Rural communities around the world face formidable problems such as resource depletion, environmental degradation and economic decline. While the term ‘community’ is often used without clear definition or context, it can be viewed as a group of people emerging through social interaction. Through a series of collaborative action toward a shared goal, a community of practice can be formed. This paper proposes a hypothetical framework of integrated local environmental knowledge (ILEK), and applies it to analyze the processes of collaborative actions in the case of the Nishibetsu Watershed in Hokkaido, Japan. The case study identified several phases of actions, all initiated by a group of local residents on a grassroots and voluntary basis. These local resident-initiated collaborative actions had a particular confluence of elements to facilitate gradual strengthening of formal and informal institutions in the watershed scale beyond jurisdictional boundaries, making this a worthy case to study. The local residents used diverse types of knowledge, including livelihood-based technologies and skills of working as a group and with local governments, for establishing and strengthening various institutions for collaborative actions, with such knowledge being used in the manner of tools in a box of bricolage for community formation. View Full-Text
Keywords: community; knowledge; collaborative action; watershed; institution community; knowledge; collaborative action; watershed; institution
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kitamura, K.; Nakagawa, C.; Sato, T. Formation of a Community of Practice in the Watershed Scale, with Integrated Local Environmental Knowledge. Sustainability 2018, 10, 404.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top