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Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 215; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020215

A Sustainable Historic Waterfront Revitalization Decision Support Tool for Attracting Tourists

1
Facultad de Arquitectura y Urbanismo, Universidad Tecnológica Equinoccial, Calle Rumipamba s/n y Bourgeois, Quito 170508, Ecuador
2
MIT-UTM MSCP Program, Institute Sultan Iskandar, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Malaysia
3
Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Malaysia
4
The School of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Narmak Street, Tehran 1684613114, Iran
5
Civil Engineering Department, Jubail University College, Royal Commission of Jubail and Yanbu, Jubail 31961, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 November 2017 / Revised: 30 December 2017 / Accepted: 17 January 2018 / Published: 23 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
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Abstract

Waterfront revitalization would be an effective strategy to preserve heritages, conserve the contaminated or abandoned site and inspire the identity and authenticity. However, there is no decision support tool to quantify and evaluate the sustainability accreditation of waterfronts in tourism attraction. This research aimed to identify the most potential waterfront typology in tourism attraction and develop the waterfront sustainable revitalization (SWR) index assessment model. The SWR index can assist policy makers and urban developers to analyze the heritage waterfronts using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. The research found out the historic waterfront has the highest potential in tourism attraction among other typologies. And, pollution moderator is mostly important sub-criterion in tourism absorption (WC2.2 = 0.1294); followed by Identity (WC1.2 = 0.1272) and Safety and well-being (WC1.3 = 0.1043). The SWR index can be applied in any waterfronts in heritage cities around the world, while this research implemented it as a case study in Bandar Maharani, Muar, Malaysia. It resulted Bandar Maharani was ranked as grade C; means, usable waterfront to which extent environmental, social and physical revitalization are needed. The SWR index can be coupled with other decision-making methods in future, to reduce its inconsistencies and increasing accuracy. View Full-Text
Keywords: waterfront; revitalization; tourism attraction; sustainable development; Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP); decision support tool waterfront; revitalization; tourism attraction; sustainable development; Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP); decision support tool
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Keyvanfar, A.; Shafaghat, A.; Mohamad, S.; Abdullahi, M.M.; Ahmad, H.; Mohd Derus, N.H.; Khorami, M. A Sustainable Historic Waterfront Revitalization Decision Support Tool for Attracting Tourists. Sustainability 2018, 10, 215.

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