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Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 6; doi:10.3390/su10010006

Spatial Heterogeneity of Typical Ecosystem Services and Their Relationships in Different Ecological–Functional Zones in Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Region, China

1,2
,
1,2,* , 1,2
,
3
and
1,2
1
College of Land Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
2
Key Laboratory for Agricultural Land Quality, Monitoring and Control, The Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100193, China
3
Center for Land Resources Research in Northwest China, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 December 2017 / Revised: 17 December 2017 / Accepted: 18 December 2017 / Published: 25 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6844 KB, uploaded 25 December 2017]   |  

Abstract

Recognizing changes in ecosystem services (ES) and their relationships is the basis of achieving sustainable regional development. Regional collaborative development has become the core strategy of the development of the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei (BTH) region. However, sub regions have different ecological changes and relationships. Here, we quantify and map ES, including water yield, sediment retention, carbon sequestration and grain productive capacity in 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015, using several biophysical models and explore the relationships of spatial correction, trade-offs and synergies among multiple ES in different spatial scales. Results across the four years show that the quality and variation tendency of ES from each region are spatially heterogeneous. The relationship between ES that are not significant in the entire region shows different correlations in individual ecological–functional zones. From the perspective of regional disparity, the effect of land use factor and correlative mechanisms among ES are analyzed. To observe the spatiotemporal variations and relationships of ES in individual regions, land use management policies are proposed on the basis of the results of the relationships among ES. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecosystem services; spatial correction; trade-off; synergy; ecological–functional zones; Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei region ecosystem services; spatial correction; trade-off; synergy; ecological–functional zones; Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei region
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Xie, Z.; Gao, Y.; Li, C.; Zhou, J.; Zhang, T. Spatial Heterogeneity of Typical Ecosystem Services and Their Relationships in Different Ecological–Functional Zones in Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Region, China. Sustainability 2018, 10, 6.

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