Sustainability Index Evaluation of the Rainwater Harvesting System in Six US Urban Cities
AbstractThis study investigated the sustainability of the rainwater harvesting system (RWHS) by analyzing six urban city sites with different rainfall statistics in the United States. We developed a new RWHS performance model by modifying a spreadsheet-based storage, treatment, and overflow runoff model (SS STORM) and verified its performance by comparing with another analytical RWHS model. The sustainability index (SI) evaluation method was used for a reservoir system and applied to the RWHS, employing modified resilience and vulnerability evaluation methods due to the different characteristics of a reservoir and the RWHS. The performance of modified SS STORM is very similar to that of the analytical method, except in Los Angeles, which is characterized by long inter-event times and low rainfall event depths due to low annual rainfall. The sustainability indices were successfully evaluated depending on both RWHS size and water demand and vary over a wide range as annual rainfall increases. This study proposes a new RWHS performance model and sustainability index evaluation method. Further study should confirm the proposed approach in regions with widely different rainfall characteristics. View Full-Text
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Park, D.; Um, M.-J. Sustainability Index Evaluation of the Rainwater Harvesting System in Six US Urban Cities. Sustainability 2018, 10, 280.
Park D, Um M-J. Sustainability Index Evaluation of the Rainwater Harvesting System in Six US Urban Cities. Sustainability. 2018; 10(1):280.Chicago/Turabian Style
Park, Daeryong; Um, Myoung-Jin. 2018. "Sustainability Index Evaluation of the Rainwater Harvesting System in Six US Urban Cities." Sustainability 10, no. 1: 280.
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