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Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 161; doi:10.3390/su10010161

Exploring Institutional Transformations to Address High-End Climate Change in Iberia

1
Institute of Environmental Science and Technology, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Cerdanyola del Vallés, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
2
Soil Geography and Landscape Group, Wageningen University and Research, Droevendaalsesteeg 3, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
3
Dutch Research Institute for Transitions, Faculty of Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Burgemeester Oudlaan 50, 3062 PA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
4
Potsdam Institute of Climate Change Impact Research, Telegraphenberg, A31, 14437 Postdam, Germany
5
Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes, Facultade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal
6
Department of Political Sciences, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Cerdanyola del Vallés, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 December 2017 / Revised: 5 January 2018 / Accepted: 5 January 2018 / Published: 11 January 2018
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Abstract

Either meeting the UNFCCC Paris agreement to limit global average warming below the 2–1.5 °C threshold, or going beyond it entails huge challenges in terms of institutional innovation and transformation. This research describes a participatory integrated assessment process aimed at exploring the options, opportunities, necessary capacities and implications for institutional co-operation and innovation in the Iberian Peninsula under High-End Climate Change (HECC). Using in-depth interviews and a novel participatory research approach, different scenario narratives and pathways about the future of Iberia have been identified using Shared Socio-economic Pathways (SSPs). Special attention is given to the knowledge and policy options needed to implement cross-border organizational changes and co-operation mechanisms that would support the Integrated Climate Governance of the Tagus and Guadiana river basins. We show that a wealth of institutional innovation pathways and specific options and solutions exist not only to reduce GHG emissions (mitigation) and the negative impacts of climate change (adaptation), but, above all, to generate new forms of social-ecological system interactions aligned with sustainability (transformation). In particular, and depending on which scenario contexts unfold in the future in Iberia, different kinds of institutional and governance capacities and clusters of solutions may be needed in order to achieve transformation. View Full-Text
Keywords: institutional transformation; high-end climate change; Shared Socio-economic Scenarios (SSPs); Iberia; transboundary rivers; cross-border cooperation; participatory research appraisal; Integrated Climate Governance (ICG) institutional transformation; high-end climate change; Shared Socio-economic Scenarios (SSPs); Iberia; transboundary rivers; cross-border cooperation; participatory research appraisal; Integrated Climate Governance (ICG)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Tàbara, J.D.; Cots, F.; Pedde, S.; Hölscher, K.; Kok, K.; Lovanova, A.; Capela Lourenço, T.; Frantzeskaki, N.; Etherington, J. Exploring Institutional Transformations to Address High-End Climate Change in Iberia. Sustainability 2018, 10, 161.

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