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Hazards and Risks of Engineered Nanoparticles for the Environment and Human Health
Malsch TechnoValuation, Vondellaan 90, 3521 GH Utrecht, The Netherlands
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Received: 22 September 2009; Accepted: 24 November 2009 / Published: 30 November 2009
Abstract: The objectives of this article are to: (1) investigate the current state of knowledge of the risks of engineered nanoparticles for the environment and human health, (2) estimate whether this knowledge is sufficient to facilitate their comprehensive and effective risk assessment and (3) provide recommendations on future research in the field of risk assessment of nanomaterials. In order to meet the objectives, the relevance of each of the four steps of the risk assessment methodology (i.e., hazard identification, dose-response assessment, exposure assessment and risk characterization) was evaluated in the context of the current state of knowledge of the risks of nanomaterials, limitations were identified and recommendations were given on how to overcome them.
Keywords: engineered nanoparticles; risk assessment; hazard identification; dose-response assessment; exposure assessment; risk characterization; environmental sustainability; human health
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MDPI and ACS Style
Hristozov, D.; Malsch, I. Hazards and Risks of Engineered Nanoparticles for the Environment and Human Health. Sustainability 2009, 1, 1161-1194.
Hristozov D, Malsch I. Hazards and Risks of Engineered Nanoparticles for the Environment and Human Health. Sustainability. 2009; 1(4):1161-1194.
Hristozov, Danail; Malsch, Ineke. 2009. "Hazards and Risks of Engineered Nanoparticles for the Environment and Human Health." Sustainability 1, no. 4: 1161-1194.