Sustainability 2009, 1(4), 1161-1194; doi:10.3390/su1041161
Review

Hazards and Risks of Engineered Nanoparticles for the Environment and Human Health

* email and email
Received: 22 September 2009; Accepted: 24 November 2009 / Published: 30 November 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Forum for Sustainable Development)
Download PDF [489 KB, uploaded 30 November 2009]
Abstract: The objectives of this article are to: (1) investigate the current state of knowledge of the risks of engineered nanoparticles for the environment and human health, (2) estimate whether this knowledge is sufficient to facilitate their comprehensive and effective risk assessment and (3) provide recommendations on future research in the field of risk assessment of nanomaterials. In order to meet the objectives, the relevance of each of the four steps of the risk assessment methodology (i.e., hazard identification, dose-response assessment, exposure assessment and risk characterization) was evaluated in the context of the current state of knowledge of the risks of nanomaterials, limitations were identified and recommendations were given on how to overcome them.
Keywords: engineered nanoparticles; risk assessment; hazard identification; dose-response assessment; exposure assessment; risk characterization; environmental sustainability; human health
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Hristozov, D.; Malsch, I. Hazards and Risks of Engineered Nanoparticles for the Environment and Human Health. Sustainability 2009, 1, 1161-1194.

AMA Style

Hristozov D, Malsch I. Hazards and Risks of Engineered Nanoparticles for the Environment and Human Health. Sustainability. 2009; 1(4):1161-1194.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hristozov, Danail; Malsch, Ineke. 2009. "Hazards and Risks of Engineered Nanoparticles for the Environment and Human Health." Sustainability 1, no. 4: 1161-1194.


Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert