Disposition, Metabolism and Histone Deacetylase and Acetyltransferase Inhibition Activity of Tetrahydrocurcumin and Other Curcuminoids
AbstractTetrahydrocurcumin (THC), curcumin and calebin-A are curcuminoids found in turmeric (Curcuma longa). Curcuminoids have been established to have a variety of pharmacological activities and are used as natural health supplements. The purpose of this study was to identify the metabolism, excretion, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties of these curcuminoids and to determine disposition of THC in rats after oral administration. We developed a UHPLC–MS/MS assay for THC in rat serum and urine. THC shows multiple redistribution phases with corresponding increases in urinary excretion rate. In-vitro antioxidant activity, histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity, histone acetyltransferase (HAT) activity and anti-inflammatory inhibitory activity were examined using commercial assay kits. Anticancer activity was determined in Sup-T1 lymphoma cells. Our results indicate THC was poorly absorbed after oral administration and primarily excreted via non-renal routes. All curcuminoids exhibited multiple pharmacological effects in vitro, including potent antioxidant activity as well as inhibition of CYP2C9, CYP3A4 and lipoxygenase activity without affecting the release of TNF-α. Unlike curcumin and calebin-A, THC did not inhibit HDAC1 and PCAF and displayed a weaker growth inhibition activity against Sup-T1 cells. We show evidence for the first time that curcumin and calebin-A inhibit HAT and PCAF, possibly through a Michael-addition mechanism. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Novaes, J.T.; Lillico, R.; Sayre, C.L.; Nagabushanam, K.; Majeed, M.; Chen, Y.; Ho, E.A.; Oliveira, A.L.P.; Martinez, S.E.; Alrushaid, S.; Davies, N.M.; Lakowski, T.M. Disposition, Metabolism and Histone Deacetylase and Acetyltransferase Inhibition Activity of Tetrahydrocurcumin and Other Curcuminoids. Pharmaceutics 2017, 9, 45.
Novaes JT, Lillico R, Sayre CL, Nagabushanam K, Majeed M, Chen Y, Ho EA, Oliveira ALP, Martinez SE, Alrushaid S, Davies NM, Lakowski TM. Disposition, Metabolism and Histone Deacetylase and Acetyltransferase Inhibition Activity of Tetrahydrocurcumin and Other Curcuminoids. Pharmaceutics. 2017; 9(4):45.Chicago/Turabian Style
Novaes, Júlia T.; Lillico, Ryan; Sayre, Casey L.; Nagabushanam, Kalyanam; Majeed, Muhammed; Chen, Yufei; Ho, Emmanuel A.; Oliveira, Ana L.P.; Martinez, Stephanie E.; Alrushaid, Samaa; Davies, Neal M.; Lakowski, Ted M. 2017. "Disposition, Metabolism and Histone Deacetylase and Acetyltransferase Inhibition Activity of Tetrahydrocurcumin and Other Curcuminoids." Pharmaceutics 9, no. 4: 45.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.