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Pharmaceutics 2018, 10(3), 85; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics10030085

A Novel Desloratadine-Benzoic Acid Co-Amorphous Solid: Preparation, Characterization, and Stability Evaluation

1
School of Pharmacy, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
2
Department of Pharmacy, Sebelas Maret University, Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Indonesia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 June 2018 / Revised: 1 July 2018 / Accepted: 4 July 2018 / Published: 6 July 2018
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Abstract

Low physical stability is the limitation of the widespread use of amorphous drugs. The co-amorphous drug system is a new and emerging method for preparing a stable amorphous form. Co-amorphous is a single-phase amorphous multicomponent system consisting of two or more small molecules that are a combination of drugs or drugs and excipients. The co-amorphous system that uses benzoic acid (BA) as an excipient was studied to improve the physical stability, dissolution, and solubility of desloratadine (DES). In this study, the co-amorphous formation of DES and BA (DES–BA) was prepared by melt-quenching method and characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), and polarized light microscopy (PLM). Dissolution, solubility, and physical stability profiles of DES–BA were determined. The DES crystals were converted into DES–BA co-amorphous form to reveal the molecular interactions between DES and BA. Solid-state analysis proved that the co-amorphous DES–BA system (1:1) is amorphous and homogeneous. The DSC experiment showed that the glass transition temperature (Tg) of tested DES–BA co-amorphous had a higher single Tg compared to the amorphous DES. FTIR revealed strong interactions, especially salt formation. The dissolution rate and solubility of co-amorphous DES–BA (1:1) obtained were larger than the DES in crystalline form. The PXRD technique was used to assess physical stability for three months at 40 °C with 75% RH. The DES–BA co-amorphous system demonstrated better physical stability than a single form of amorphous DES. Co-amorphous DES–BA has demonstrated the potential for improving solid-state stability, as the formation of DES–BA co-amorphous salt increased solubility and dissolution when compared to pure crystalline DES. This study also demonstrated the possibility for developing a DES–BA co-amorphous system toward oral formulations to improve DES solubility and bioavailability. View Full-Text
Keywords: desloratadine; benzoic acid; co-amorphous; solubility; stability; melt-quenching desloratadine; benzoic acid; co-amorphous; solubility; stability; melt-quenching
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Ainurofiq, A.; Mauludin, R.; Mudhakir, D.; Soewandhi, S.N. A Novel Desloratadine-Benzoic Acid Co-Amorphous Solid: Preparation, Characterization, and Stability Evaluation. Pharmaceutics 2018, 10, 85.

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