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Viruses 2016, 8(8), 223; doi:10.3390/v8080223

What Do We Know about How Hantaviruses Interact with Their Different Hosts?

Unité des Stratégies Antivirales, Département de Virologie, Institut Pasteur, 25 Rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jane Tao and Pierre-Yves Lozach
Received: 4 May 2016 / Revised: 27 July 2016 / Accepted: 5 August 2016 / Published: 11 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Progress in Bunyavirus Research)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [250 KB, uploaded 11 August 2016]

Abstract

Hantaviruses, like other members of the Bunyaviridae family, are emerging viruses that are able to cause hemorrhagic fevers. Occasional transmission to humans is due to inhalation of contaminated aerosolized excreta from infected rodents. Hantaviruses are asymptomatic in their rodent or insectivore natural hosts with which they have co-evolved for millions of years. In contrast, hantaviruses cause different pathologies in humans with varying mortality rates, depending on the hantavirus species and its geographic origin. Cases of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) have been reported in Europe and Asia, while hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndromes (HCPS) are observed in the Americas. In some cases, diseases caused by Old World hantaviruses exhibit HCPS-like symptoms. Although the etiologic agents of HFRS were identified in the early 1980s, the way hantaviruses interact with their different hosts still remains elusive. What are the entry receptors? How do hantaviruses propagate in the organism and how do they cope with the immune system? This review summarizes recent data documenting interactions established by pathogenic and nonpathogenic hantaviruses with their natural or human hosts that could highlight their different outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bunyaviridae; hantavirus; virus-host interaction; rodents; humans; insectivores Bunyaviridae; hantavirus; virus-host interaction; rodents; humans; insectivores
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ermonval, M.; Baychelier, F.; Tordo, N. What Do We Know about How Hantaviruses Interact with Their Different Hosts? Viruses 2016, 8, 223.

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