Dynamic Viral Glycoprotein Machines: Approaches for Probing Transient States That Drive Membrane Fusion
AbstractThe fusion glycoproteins that decorate the surface of enveloped viruses undergo dramatic conformational changes in the course of engaging with target cells through receptor interactions and during cell entry. These refolding events ultimately drive the fusion of viral and cellular membranes leading to delivery of the genetic cargo. While well-established methods for structure determination such as X-ray crystallography have provided detailed structures of fusion proteins in the pre- and post-fusion fusion states, to understand mechanistically how these fusion glycoproteins perform their structural calisthenics and drive membrane fusion requires new analytical approaches that enable dynamic intermediate states to be probed. Methods including structural mass spectrometry, small-angle X-ray scattering, and electron microscopy have begun to provide new insight into pathways of conformational change and fusion protein function. In combination, the approaches provide a significantly richer portrait of viral fusion glycoprotein structural variation and fusion activation as well as inhibition by neutralizing agents. Here recent studies that highlight the utility of these complementary approaches will be reviewed with a focus on the well-characterized influenza virus hemagglutinin fusion glycoprotein system. View Full-Text
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Garcia, N.K.; Lee, K.K. Dynamic Viral Glycoprotein Machines: Approaches for Probing Transient States That Drive Membrane Fusion. Viruses 2016, 8, 15.
Garcia NK, Lee KK. Dynamic Viral Glycoprotein Machines: Approaches for Probing Transient States That Drive Membrane Fusion. Viruses. 2016; 8(1):15.Chicago/Turabian Style
Garcia, Natalie K.; Lee, Kelly K. 2016. "Dynamic Viral Glycoprotein Machines: Approaches for Probing Transient States That Drive Membrane Fusion." Viruses 8, no. 1: 15.
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