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Viruses 2015, 7(8), 4529-4562; doi:10.3390/v7082832

Replication and Inhibitors of Enteroviruses and Parechoviruses

1
Laboratory of Clinical Virology, Department of Medical Microbiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 15, Amsterdam 1105 AZ, The Netherlands
2
Virology Division, Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 1, Utrecht 3584 CL, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David Boehr
Received: 1 May 2015 / Accepted: 3 August 2015 / Published: 10 August 2015
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Abstract

The Enterovirus (EV) and Parechovirus genera of the picornavirus family include many important human pathogens, including poliovirus, rhinovirus, EV-A71, EV-D68, and human parechoviruses (HPeV). They cause a wide variety of diseases, ranging from a simple common cold to life-threatening diseases such as encephalitis and myocarditis. At the moment, no antiviral therapy is available against these viruses and it is not feasible to develop vaccines against all EVs and HPeVs due to the great number of serotypes. Therefore, a lot of effort is being invested in the development of antiviral drugs. Both viral proteins and host proteins essential for virus replication can be used as targets for virus inhibitors. As such, a good understanding of the complex process of virus replication is pivotal in the design of antiviral strategies goes hand in hand with a good understanding of the complex process of virus replication. In this review, we will give an overview of the current state of knowledge of EV and HPeV replication and how this can be inhibited by small-molecule inhibitors. View Full-Text
Keywords: enterovirus; human parechovirus; replication; antiviral; small molecules; inhibitor enterovirus; human parechovirus; replication; antiviral; small molecules; inhibitor
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Linden, L.; Wolthers, K.C.; van Kuppeveld, F.J. Replication and Inhibitors of Enteroviruses and Parechoviruses. Viruses 2015, 7, 4529-4562.

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