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Viruses 2015, 7(10), 5243-5256; doi:10.3390/v7102871

HPV16 E6 Controls the Gap Junction Protein Cx43 in Cervical Tumour Cells

1
Feinberg School of Medicine, North Western University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
2
MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Institute of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Garscube Estate, Glasgow G61 1QH, Scotland, UK
3
Dermatology, School of Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8TT, Scotland, UK
4
Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8TT, Scotland, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Joanna Parish
Received: 15 May 2015 / Revised: 24 September 2015 / Accepted: 30 September 2015 / Published: 5 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tumour Viruses)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5684 KB, uploaded 5 October 2015]   |  

Abstract

Human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) causes a range of cancers including cervical and head and neck cancers. HPV E6 oncoprotein binds the cell polarity regulator hDlg (human homologue of Drosophila Discs Large). Previously we showed in vitro, and now in vivo, that hDlg also binds Connexin 43 (Cx43), a major component of gap junctions that mediate intercellular transfer of small molecules. In HPV16-positive non-tumour cervical epithelial cells (W12G) Cx43 localised to the plasma membrane, while in W12T tumour cells derived from these, it relocated with hDlg into the cytoplasm. We now provide evidence that E6 regulates this cytoplasmic pool of Cx43. E6 siRNA depletion in W12T cells resulted in restoration of Cx43 and hDlg trafficking to the cell membrane. In C33a HPV-negative cervical tumour cells expressing HPV16 or 18 E6, Cx43 was located primarily in the cytoplasm, but mutation of the 18E6 C-terminal hDlg binding motif resulted in redistribution of Cx43 to the membrane. The data indicate for the first time that increased cytoplasmic E6 levels associated with malignant progression alter Cx43 trafficking and recycling to the membrane and the E6/hDlg interaction may be involved. This suggests a novel E6-associated mechanism for changes in Cx43 trafficking in cervical tumour cells. View Full-Text
Keywords: human papillomavirus (HPV); E6 oncoprotein; Connexin 43 (Cx43) trafficking; human homologue of Drosophila discs large (hDlg) human papillomavirus (HPV); E6 oncoprotein; Connexin 43 (Cx43) trafficking; human homologue of Drosophila discs large (hDlg)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sun, P.; Dong, L.; MacDonald, A.I.; Akbari, S.; Edward, M.; Hodgins, M.B.; Johnstone, S.R.; Graham, S.V. HPV16 E6 Controls the Gap Junction Protein Cx43 in Cervical Tumour Cells. Viruses 2015, 7, 5243-5256.

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