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Viruses 2014, 6(9), 3663-3682; doi:10.3390/v6093663

Filovirus RefSeq Entries: Evaluation and Selection of Filovirus Type Variants, Type Sequences, and Names

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Integrated Research Facility at Fort Detrick, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Fort Detrick, Frederick, MD 21702, USA
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FAS Center for Systems Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
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Information Engineering Branch, National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
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United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Frederick, MD 21702, USA
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Institut für Virologie, Philipps-Universität Marburg, 35043 Marburg, Germany
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National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center, Fort Detrick, Frederick, MD 21702, USA
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University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
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Department of Pathology and Galveston National Laboratory, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555, USA
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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
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Institute of Clinical Immunology, Russian Academy of Science, Siberian Branch, Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk Oblast, 630091, Russia
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Department of Virology and Immunology, Texas Biomedical Research Institute, San Antonio, TX 78227, USA
12
Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
13
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
14
Integrated BioTherapeutics, Inc., Gaithersburg, MD 20878, USA
15
World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
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Metabiota, Inc., San Francisco, CA 94104, USA
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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
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Department of Biological Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, and African Centre of Excellence for Genomics of Infectious Diseases, Redeemer's University, Lagos-Ibadan, Ogun State, Nigeria
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Laboratory for Virology, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, MT 59840 USA
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Federal State Unitary Company "Microgen Scientific Industrial Company for Immunobiological Medicines", Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, 115088,Russia
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Portland, OR 97222, USA
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Special Pathogens Program, National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3E 3R2, Canada
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Centre International de Recherches Médicales de Franceville, B. P. 769, Franceville, Gabon
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Biomedical Sciences Department, Dstl, Porton Down, Salisbury, Wiltshire SP4 0JQ, UK
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Department of Microbiology and National Emerging Infectious Diseases Laboratory, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
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Research Center of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk Region, 630090, Russia
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Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Medicine of the University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, Private Mail Bag 12003, Lagos, Nigeria
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The Broad Institute, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
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Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Diseases, National Institute for Communicable Diseases of the National Health Laboratory Service, Sandringham-Johannesburg 2192, Gauteng, South Africa
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Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk Region, 630090, Russia
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Department of Immunology and Microbial Science and The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
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Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
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Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
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Zoonoses Research Unit, University of Pretoria, Private bag X20 Hatfield, Pretoria 0028, South Africa
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Division of Global Epidemiology, Hokkaido University Research Center for Zoonosis Control, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Japan
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Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
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Prins Leopold Instituut voor Tropische Geneeskunde, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
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Laboratory of Molecular basis of viral pathogenicity, CIRI, Inserm U1111, Université de Lyon, UCB-Lyon-1, Ecole-Normale-Supérieure de Lyon, 69365 Lyon cedex 07, France
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Unither Virology, LLC, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
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Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
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Members of the 2012–2014 International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Filoviridae Study Group.
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Members of the ICTV Data Subcommittee
National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Viral RefSeq Genomes Advisors for members of the order Mononegavirales.
Members of the NCBI Genome Annotation Virus Working Group
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 September 2014 / Accepted: 23 September 2014 / Published: 26 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Collection Advances in Ebolavirus, Marburgvirus, and Cuevavirus Research)
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Abstract

Sequence determination of complete or coding-complete genomes of viruses is becoming common practice for supporting the work of epidemiologists, ecologists, virologists, and taxonomists. Sequencing duration and costs are rapidly decreasing, sequencing hardware is under modification for use by non-experts, and software is constantly being improved to simplify sequence data management and analysis. Thus, analysis of virus disease outbreaks on the molecular level is now feasible, including characterization of the evolution of individual virus populations in single patients over time. The increasing accumulation of sequencing data creates a management problem for the curators of commonly used sequence databases and an entry retrieval problem for end users. Therefore, utilizing the data to their fullest potential will require setting nomenclature and annotation standards for virus isolates and associated genomic sequences. The National Center for Biotechnology Information’s (NCBI’s) RefSeq is a non-redundant, curated database for reference (or type) nucleotide sequence records that supplies source data to numerous other databases. Building on recently proposed templates for filovirus variant naming [<virus name> (<strain>)/<isolation host-suffix>/<country of sampling>/<year of sampling>/<genetic variant designation>-<isolate designation>], we report consensus decisions from a majority of past and currently active filovirus experts on the eight filovirus type variants and isolates to be represented in RefSeq, their final designations, and their associated sequences. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bundibugyo virus; cDNA clone; cuevavirus; Ebola; Ebola virus; ebolavirus; filovirid; Filoviridae; filovirus; genome annotation; ICTV; International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses; Lloviu virus; Marburg virus; marburgvirus; mononegavirad; Mononegavirales; mononegavirus; Ravn virus; RefSeq; Reston virus; reverse genetics; Sudan virus; Taï Forest virus; virus classification; virus isolate; virus nomenclature; virus strain; virus taxonomy; virus variant Bundibugyo virus; cDNA clone; cuevavirus; Ebola; Ebola virus; ebolavirus; filovirid; Filoviridae; filovirus; genome annotation; ICTV; International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses; Lloviu virus; Marburg virus; marburgvirus; mononegavirad; Mononegavirales; mononegavirus; Ravn virus; RefSeq; Reston virus; reverse genetics; Sudan virus; Taï Forest virus; virus classification; virus isolate; virus nomenclature; virus strain; virus taxonomy; virus variant
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kuhn, J.H.; Andersen, K.G.; Bào, Y.; Bavari, S.; Becker, S.; Bennett, R.S.; Bergman, N.H.; Blinkova, O.; Bradfute, S.; Brister, J.R.; Bukreyev, A.; Chandran, K.; Chepurnov, A.A.; Davey, R.A.; Dietzgen, R.G.; Doggett, N.A.; Dolnik, O.; Dye, J.M.; Enterlein, S.; Fenimore, P.W.; Formenty, P.; Freiberg, A.N.; Garry, R.F.; Garza, N.L.; Gire, S.K.; Gonzalez, J.-P.; Griffiths, A.; Happi, C.T.; Hensley, L.E.; Herbert, A.S.; Hevey, M.C.; Hoenen, T.; Honko, A.N.; Ignatyev, G.M.; Jahrling, P.B.; Johnson, J.C.; Johnson, K.M.; Kindrachuk, J.; Klenk, H.-D.; Kobinger, G.; Kochel, T.J.; Lackemeyer, M.G.; Lackner, D.F.; Leroy, E.M.; Lever, M.S.; Mühlberger, E.; Netesov, S.V.; Olinger, G.G.; Omilabu, S.A.; Palacios, G.; Panchal, R.G.; Park, D.J.; Patterson, J.L.; Paweska, J.T.; Peters, C.J.; Pettitt, J.; Pitt, L.; Radoshitzky, S.R.; Ryabchikova, E.I.; Saphire, E.O.; Sabeti, P.C.; Sealfon, R.; Shestopalov, A.M.; Smither, S.J.; Sullivan, N.J.; Swanepoel, R.; Takada, A.; Towner, J.S.; van der Groen, G.; Volchkov, V.E.; Volchkova, V.A.; Wahl-Jensen, V.; Warren, T.K.; Warfield, K.L.; Weidmann, M.; Nichol, S.T. Filovirus RefSeq Entries: Evaluation and Selection of Filovirus Type Variants, Type Sequences, and Names. Viruses 2014, 6, 3663-3682.

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