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Viruses 2014, 6(9), 3450-3457; doi:10.3390/v6093450

Detection and Identification of the First Viruses in Chia (Salvia hispanica)

Instituto de Patología Vegetal (IPAVE – CIAP – INTA) Camino. 60 cuadras Km 5,5, Córdoba, X5020ICA, Argentina
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Camino. 60 cuadras Km 5,5, Córdoba, X5020ICA, Argentina
Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Yuto (INTA), Ruta Nacional 34 Km 1286, Yuto, 4518, Jujuy, Argentina
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 July 2014 / Revised: 19 August 2014 / Accepted: 20 August 2014 / Published: 19 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Viruses of Plants, Fungi and Protozoa)
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Chia (Salvia hispanica), an herbaceous plant native to Latin America, has become important in the last 20 years due to its beneficial effects on health. Here, we present the first record and identification of two viruses in chia plants. The comparison of the complete nucleotide sequences showed the presence of two viral species with the typical genome organization of bipartite New World begomovirus, identified as Sida mosaic Bolivia virus 2 and Tomato yellow spot virus, according to the ICTV taxonomic criteria for begomovirus classification. DNA-A from Sida mosaic Bolivia virus 2 exhibited 96.1% nucleotide identity with a Bolivian isolate of Sida micrantha, and Tomato yellow spot virus showed 95.3% nucleotide identity with an Argentine bean isolate. This is the first report of begomoviruses infecting chia as well as of the occurrence of Sida mosaic Bolivia virus 2 in Argentina. View Full-Text
Keywords: begomovirus; chia; geminivirus; Salvia hispanica; virus begomovirus; chia; geminivirus; Salvia hispanica; virus

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Celli, M.G.; Perotto, M.C.; Martino, J.A.; Flores, C.R.; Conci, V.C.; Pardina, P.R. Detection and Identification of the First Viruses in Chia (Salvia hispanica). Viruses 2014, 6, 3450-3457.

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