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Viruses 2014, 6(11), 4424-4436; doi:10.3390/v6114424

Genetic Diversity of PRRS Virus Collected from Air Samples in Four Different Regions of Concentrated Swine Production during a High Incidence Season

1
Department of Veterinary Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 385A Animal Science Veterinary Medicine Building, 1988 Fitch Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA
2
Pipestone Veterinary Services, Pipestone, MN 56164, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 September 2014 / Revised: 5 November 2014 / Accepted: 6 November 2014 / Published: 14 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Viruses)
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Abstract

Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) is one of the most relevant swine diseases in the US, costing the industry millions of dollars per year. Unfortunately, disease control is difficult because of the virus dynamics, as PRRS virus (PRRSV) can be transmitted by air between farms, especially, in regions with high density of swine operations. While long distance airborne transport of PRRSV has been reported, there is little information regarding the dynamics of PRRSV airborne challenge in concentrated regions. The objective of this study was to describe the frequency of detection, dose and diversity of PRRSV in air samples collected across four concentrated production regions during the PRRS-high risk season in the Midwestern US (October–December) in 2012. Between 29% and 42% of the air samples were positive in all four sampling sites. Sequencing of the recovered virus showed a wide diversity of field and vaccine variants. Higher frequency, dose, and diversity of PRRSV were observed in air at locations with higher pig density. These findings suggest that regional spread of PRRSV due to aerosol transmission of PRRSV represents a significant risk to susceptible herds in concentrated regions of domestic pig production where PRRSV is endemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: porcine; Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome; virus; livestock diseases; air filtration; Molecular Epidemiology porcine; Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome; virus; livestock diseases; air filtration; Molecular Epidemiology
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Brito, B.; Dee, S.; Wayne, S.; Alvarez, J.; Perez, A. Genetic Diversity of PRRS Virus Collected from Air Samples in Four Different Regions of Concentrated Swine Production during a High Incidence Season. Viruses 2014, 6, 4424-4436.

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