Next Article in Journal
N-Terminally Myristoylated Feline Foamy Virus Gag Allows Env-Independent Budding of Sub-Viral Particles
Next Article in Special Issue
Complete Sequence, Analysis and Organization of the Orgyia leucostigma Nucleopolyhedrovirus Genome
Previous Article in Journal
The Molecular Biology of Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Baculovirus Induced Transcripts in Hemocytes from the Larvae of Heliothis virescens
Article Menu

Article Versions

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Viruses 2011, 3(11), 2214-2222; doi:10.3390/v3112214

Biology and Genomics of Viruses Within the Genus Gammabaculovirus

Laboratory for Molecular Virology, Great Lakes Forestry Centre, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario P6A 2E5, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 October 2011 / Revised: 26 October 2011 / Accepted: 3 November 2011 / Published: 10 November 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insect Viruses)
Download PDF [753 KB, uploaded 12 May 2015]

Abstract

Hymenoptera is a very large and ancient insect order encompassing bees, wasps, ants and sawflies. Fossil records indicate that they existed over 200 million years ago and about 100 million years before the appearance of Lepidoptera. Sawflies have been major pests in many parts of the world and some have caused serious forest defoliation in North America. All baculoviruses isolated from sawflies are of the single nucleocapsids phenotype and appear to replicate in midgut cells only. This group of viruses has been shown to be excellent pest control agents and three have been registered in Canada and Britain for this purpose. Sawfly baculoviruses contain the smallest genome of all baculoviruses sequenced so far. Gene orders among sequenced sawfly baculoviruses are co-linear but this is not shared with the genomes of lepidopteran baculoviruses. One distinguishing feature among all sequenced sawfly viruses is the lack of a gene encoding a membrane fusion protein, which brought into question the role of the budded virus phenotype in Gammabaculovirus biology.
Keywords: Hymenopteran baculoviruses; biocontrol agents; genomics Hymenopteran baculoviruses; biocontrol agents; genomics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Arif, B.; Escasa, S.; Pavlik, L. Biology and Genomics of Viruses Within the Genus Gammabaculovirus. Viruses 2011, 3, 2214-2222.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Viruses EISSN 1999-4915 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top