Spatial Variation in Leaf Stable Carbon Isotope Composition of Three Caragana Species in Northern China
AbstractLeaf stable carbon isotope (δ13C) composition provides comprehensive insight into plant carbon cycles and water use efficiency and has also been widely used to evaluate the response of plants to environmental change. In the present study, leaf δ13C was analyzed in samples of Caragana microphylla Lam., C. liouana Zhao, and C. korshinskii Kom. from 38 populations. These species provide great environmental benefits and economic value and are distributed east to west continuously across northern China. We studied the relationship of δ13C to altitude, mean annual precipitation (MAP), mean annual temperature (MAT), mean annual relative humidity (RH), leaf nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) concentrations to examine the patterns and controls of leaf δ13C variation in each species. Results indicated that, across the three species, leaf δ13C significantly decreased with MAP, RH, and leaf N and P concentrations, while it increased with altitude and MAT. However, patterns and environmental controls of leaf δ13C varied proportionally with species. C. korshinskii was mainly controlled by MAP and leaf N concentration, C. liouana was controlled by both MAT and MAP, and C. microphylla was mainly controlled by MAT. Further analysis indicated significant differences in leaf δ13C between species, which tended to increase from C. microphylla to C. korshinskii. Overall, these results suggest that the three Caragana species may respond differently to future climate change due to different controlling factors on leaf δ13C variation, as well as differentiation in water use efficiency, which likely contributes to the geographical distribution of these species. View Full-Text
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Ma, F.; Liang, W.; Zhou, Z.; Xiao, G.; Liu, J.; He, J.; Jiao, B.; Xu, T. Spatial Variation in Leaf Stable Carbon Isotope Composition of Three Caragana Species in Northern China. Forests 2018, 9, 297.
Ma F, Liang W, Zhou Z, Xiao G, Liu J, He J, Jiao B, Xu T. Spatial Variation in Leaf Stable Carbon Isotope Composition of Three Caragana Species in Northern China. Forests. 2018; 9(6):297.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ma, Fei; Liang, Wenyu; Zhou, Zhaona; Xiao, Guoju; Liu, Jili; He, Jun; Jiao, Bingzhong; Xu, Tingting. 2018. "Spatial Variation in Leaf Stable Carbon Isotope Composition of Three Caragana Species in Northern China." Forests 9, no. 6: 297.
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