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Forests 2018, 9(6), 298; https://doi.org/10.3390/f9060298

Wood and Fiber Quality of Plantation-Grown Conifers: A Summary of Research with an Emphasis on Loblolly and Radiata Pine

1
Department of Wood Science and Engineering, College of Forestry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
2
Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
3
Scion, Te Papa Tipu Innovation Park, Rotorua 3010, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 April 2018 / Revised: 20 May 2018 / Accepted: 22 May 2018 / Published: 26 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wood Property Responses to Silvicultural Treatments)
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Abstract

With conifer plantations having an increasingly important role in meeting the fiber needs of society, an understanding of the effect of silvicultural practices on wood quality is critical. The perception of wood quality varies, making it hard to define in a single statement; however, possibly the most succinct definition is “a measure of the aptness of wood for a given use”. In general, properties that have a positive influence on a specific product assist in defining changes in wood quality. Since wood properties exhibit large variability within annual rings, within trees, and among trees in a stand, and have both genetic and environmental components (i.e., vary with different physiographical regions), it is imperative to have an understanding of wood properties at multiple levels. In this paper, we review the typical variation patterns in wood properties of conifers, with specific emphasis on loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.), and radiata pine (Pinus radiata D.Don), two of the most common conifer plantation species globally. We also describe the impact of conventional silvicultural treatments on wood quality. Modeling efforts to predict variation in wood properties within trees, and in response to silvicultural treatments are also summarized. View Full-Text
Keywords: durability; microfibril angle; Pinus radiata; Pinus taeda; silviculture; specific gravity; wood density durability; microfibril angle; Pinus radiata; Pinus taeda; silviculture; specific gravity; wood density
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Schimleck, L.; Antony, F.; Dahlen, J.; Moore, J. Wood and Fiber Quality of Plantation-Grown Conifers: A Summary of Research with an Emphasis on Loblolly and Radiata Pine. Forests 2018, 9, 298.

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